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ALWINGTON - PROTESTATION RETURN 1941/42

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Alwington belonged to the Hundred of Shebbear

The original spelling has been preserved

Nicholas Anderdon
Robert Cutler
William Oliver
Thomas Anderdon
Richard Dally
John Peard
John Ashpery
Tristram Earle
John Peeke sen.
Henry Badge
Richard Ffryar
John Peeke jun.
Symon Beare sen.
Robert Ffryar
Thomas Phillips
Symon Beare jun
David George
Ffrancis Pickarde
Tymothy Beare
John Glogge
Thomas Pincombe
Philip Blynch
Leonard Glover
Henry Praunce
John Boteler
Richard Glover
Robert Praunce
George Braddon
John Glower
Robert Richards
Robert Branch
Richard Gyffard Gent
George Rodd
William Branch
John Hanger
Ffaythfull Russell
Andrew Bridicke
Lewes Harris
Thomas Russell
William Bruton Gent
John Hobbs
John Searle
John Burden
John Holmes
Charity Short
Henry Caddy
Arthur Hooper
John  Shutt
John Caddy
David Hopkin
Jenkin Smyth
John Cadwell
Nicholas Jewel
John Snowe
Robert Cary
Dygory Jolliffe
James Squire
John Chinge
Richard Jolliffe
William Stanbury
Gyles Clippett
Thomas Jones
Richard Sweete
John Clippett
Robert Larymer
Robert Tracy
Henry Coffin Gent
William Lilie
James Tyrrell
James Coffin Gent
Robert Lugge
John Trebarrfoote
William Cole
John Mabin
John Whitelocke
John Collins
Robert Marshall
William Whitelocke
Walter Cooper
John Meddon
Richard Willet
Robert Courtise
John Neale
Richard Wyatt

Wee certify alsoe that notice hath been given to the house of John Poynes Gent where he dwelleth of the tyme and place of meetinge for the takinge of the ptestation he hath neglected the Same and hath not taken the Protestation.

John Pyne - Clerke/Rector of the parish of Alwington

William Lynch - Churchwarden

John Willett - Constable

Richard Remor - Overseer

William Prust - Overseer

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council

 

 
 
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