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AWLISCOMBE - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Awliscombe belonged to the Hundred of Hemyock

The original spelling has been preserved

Robert Allered Peter Hayman Alexander Serle
William Appline George Heasill Ambrose Serle
Christopher Ashford William Heasill Bartholomew Serle
Ciprian Ashford Alexander Hewsey Christopher Serle
John Ashford David Hewsey John Serle
Mallachy Ashford John Hewsey jun. John Serle
Thomas Ashford Josias Hewsey John Serle
William Ashford Peter Hewsey Josias Serle
John Bandfill Robert Hewsey Robert Serle
Peter Bansill Thomas Hewsey Thomas Serle
Thomas Bansill sen. Edward Hill Thomas Serle
Thomas Bansill jun. Laurence Horrwood Thomas Serle
Peter Barton Mathew Hunt William Serle
Christopher Batchler George Hurley Robert Shakell
John Batchler Nehemish Knight William Simmons
Amias Bayley John Knole Francis Smyth
John Bishop Michael Lake John Smyth
James Bradford John Laurence John Smyth
Robert Bruford sen. John Lee William Smyth
Robert Bradford jun. Thomas Lee Mark Splatt
Thomas Burnard George Locke Anthony Sprague
Edmond Burrow Richard Locke Martin Tacke
Francis Burrow Richard Losse John Thorne
John Burrow Henry Mansell William Thorne
Thomas Burton Benjamin Mason John Tucke
George Cawley John Michell John Tyrlinge Gent.
George Cawley John Oakes Ambrose Vendings
William Channon Robert Oakes John Vincent
John Chard sen. Peter Pester Bernard Walin
John Chard jun. Richard Philp Daniel Walin
Thomas Chard Francis Pigott Robert Walin
John Dawe Amos Pringe Ambrose Walter
William Dindford Henry Pringe Christopher Walter sen.
Matthew Flins Henry Pringe jun. Christopher Walter jun.
Christopher Foskur John Pringe sen. Robert Walter
William Foskur John Pringe jun. Thomas Walter sen.
Alexander Harding John Pringe Thomas Walter jun.
John Hardinge sen. John Pringe William Walter
John Harding jun. John Pringe Robert Wick
Alexander Harris Robert Pringe Alexander Wilkes
Bartholomew Harris John Pulman John Wilkes
Edward Harris David Richards Matthias Wilkes
John Harris Martin Ridgway Stephen Wilkes
Timothy Harris Edward Saunders sen William Wilkes
William Harris Edward Saunders jun. -
Nicholas Hayman John Senior -

 

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council

 

 
 
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