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BARNSTAPLE - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Barnstaple belonged to the Hundred of Braunton

The original spelling has been preserved

Humphrey Adams Gilbert Harris John Perry
George Aedford John Harris John Perry
Richard Aley, jun. John Harris John Perry jun.
Matthew Aline John Harris William Perry
Hugh Anthoney Richard Harris Henry Peters
Philip Arvall Richard Harris Richard Phillips
John Ash Richard Harris Philip Pigge
John Atwill Roger Harris Nicholas Pittionn
Franics Babington Stephen Harris George Plym
William Badchocke William Harris Richard Plyme
William Badecome William Harris William Powell
John Bagister Godslacke Harteman John Powier
Thomas Baglehole Alexander Hartnole Edward Poyinns
Anthony Baiodens Thomas Hatch Edward Poynts
Anthony Baker Alexander Hawkins George Poysey
George Baker sen. Gamaheil Hawkins William Prince
John Baker Samuel Hawkridge Thomas Prise
Jonas Baker Richard Hawle Peter Pugsley
Joseph Baker Walter Hayman Robert Pugsley
Richard Baker Robert Headen Thomas Pugsley
Samuel Baker Robert Headonn William Pugsley
William Baker Bowdenn Heale William Pugsley
Edward Bale John Heard Richard Pugsly
Simon Ball James Hearle John Punchard
John Balle William Heckett Richard Punchard
Anthony Band John Hecott Tobias Quicke
Jon Barne Hugh Hegell Thomas Radffrey
Robert Barne Robert Harder John Raffel
James Barnes Robert Heyman John Randolp
James Barnes Robert Hayward Richard Rawle
William Barnes Luke Hickmann John Reamer
Richard Barrowe Anthony Hill Oliver Reed
Nicholas Bartlett David Hill William Reed
Henry Basting George Hill John Reede
John Battern James Hill John Reede
Jacob Bayly Josias Hill Mark Reede
Samuel Bayly Miles Hill Edmund Regnell
Thomas Bayly Sir Philip Hill John Reynolls
James Baylye Robert Hill sen Hunphrey Richards 
James Beaple Robert Hill jun James Richards
Richard Beaple William Hill John Richards
Richard Beaple William Hinsley William Richards
John Beard William Hitchen Thomas Riddelchese
Griffinge Beare James Hobbs David Robart
John Beare John Hodge Hopkin Roberts
John Beare John Hodge Henry Roe
John Beast Leonard Hodge George Rooke
John Becke William Hodge Edward Rose
Walter Beeple Abdall Hogge Thomas Rose
Simon Beeve John Holland Thomas Rose
John Bellowes Tristram Holmes William Rose
Owen Bennet John Homes John Rosier
Thomas Bennt John Hone Robert Rosyer
Samson Berch Simon Hoob John Roverine
Edmund Bereard Nathaniel Hoop John Rowe
Richard Berry Philip Hoope George Rowland
Robert Bersonn Richard Hoope Robert Rowland
Richard Berye Nicholas Hooper John Sacell
John Best William Hooper Arthur Sage
Humphrey Bettsonn John Hoorwoode John Salisbury
William Bevenn Edward Hoper Richard Salisbury
Robert Bider William Hoppinn Richard Salisbury
Will;iam Bineme George Horfood John Salisbury
Humphrey Bis Hugh Horsum Robert Danders
Robert Bis Alexander Horwood Jacob Savidge
James Blackmore Anthony Horwood Thomas Say
Walter Blackmore David Horwood Roger Science
Anthony Bond Eusebius Horwood Arthur Scoble
William Bond John Horwood Richard Scott
Peter Bondenn Richard Horwood Thomas Searell
Joseph Bonefore Paul Horwood George Shavenn
Joseph Bonivant jun. Thomas Horwood Abraham Shepheard
Peter Bound William Horwood John Short
John Bowen John Horwoode Robert Sidnam
John Boywenn Roland Howell David Simonn
Thomas Boyenn Richard Huddy Lewis Singe
George Boyinn John Hue Thomas Singe
William Bragge Anthony Hugh Francis Skiddner
John Brand Caleb Hursonn Barnabas Skinner
Greorge Bremacombe Benjamin Jackmann Edward Skinner
John Britt Benjamin Jackmann Nathaniel Skinner
William Brocke William Jackmann Richard Skinner
Edward Brodland Roger Jefferye John Slaye
John Brooke David Jenking Edward Slee
William Browne William Joane Richard Sleper
Thomas Bud John Johnson George Sloly
Richard Buddle John Johnsonn John Sloly
George Budley Richard Johnsonn Anias Smalcorne
John Buegas William Johnsons Arthur Smale
William Bulsworthye Samuel Jones Henry Smale sewn.
Richard Bunch Richard Jose Henry Smale
Josias Burdenn John Jowells Richard Smale
Thomas Burges Abraham Juell John Smale
John Cane Edward Juell John Smith
John Carpenter Nicholas Juell John Smith
Philip Carpenter Richard Juell Richard Snow
Robert Caslike Robert Juell Richard Snow
Samuel Castell William Juell  William Sparrow
Peter Cempland William Keepe Robert Sparrowe
MIles Chaldonn William Kerslake Henry Sprye
William Chambers Nicholas Kimpland Roger Stanburye
Alexander Chappell John King William Stanburye
Augustine Cimpland William King Miller Stehell
Rowland Cirober William King Adam Stephens
Arthur Clapham Thomas Kinge Elner Stephens
Cullpepper Clapham William Kingonn Gilbert Stephens
Joseph Clapham William Kinsdome Henry Stephens
Richard Clarke Charles Kinsonn John Stephens
Samuel Clarke John Kinsonn John Stephens
Robert Clarkwill Nathaniel Knicke John Stephens
Robert Clatworthye Walter Knies John Stephens
|Walter Cliferd John Kunnells Peter Stephens
George Cobly John Lake Anthony Stokham
Nicholas Cocke John Lake Thomas Stephards
John Cockes John Lake John Stotinge
John Cohilles John Lake John Stribbinn
Nathaniel Colacutt Peter Lake Walter Suddelchesse
Thomas Cole Simon Lake Robert Sumer
Philip Coles John Lancy Nicholas Sursell
John Coll John Lancy Edward Swayne
George Collens Nevill Lancy John Swayne
William Colliber William Land Robert Sylie
Gawen Collialott Samuel Landmann Nicholas Symons
John Colscott Humphrey Landonn John Symons
Richard Colscott Edward Lang John Symons
Robert Comer James Langdonn John Symons
Adam Commons John Langdonn John Symons
Arthur Commons Thomas Langford Nathaniel Symons
Roger Conneybear Robert Lane Thomas Symons
Richard Cooke Martin Lansworthy John Tames
Thomas Cooke Richard Larkes John Tanner
Richard Cooper Lewis Larrence Thomas Taylor
Richard Cooper William Laurans William Taylor
William Cooper Nicholas Leasland William Terifith
Richard Coorfird John Leay Hugh Thomas
Peter Coper John Lee George Thorne
James Cornish Richard Lee George Thorne
Philip Cornish John Lesland John Thorne
Robert Cornish John Lewes John Thorne
James Cornishe John Lewes John Thorne
Oliver Cottle Alexander Lewes Simon Thorne
Anthony Courtis Philip Ley William Tibbs
Arthur Courtis Robert Laymann John Toger
Oliver Cox Richard Like William Toie
Thomas Cox Matthew Linard John Toker
John Cronin Peter Linsland Edward Tolescott
Henry Crosse John Long Thomas Tomlyns
Poliet Crucke Samuel Loosemore Anthony Tooker
John Cruse Adam Lugg John Tooker
John Dabs Adam Lugge John Tooker
Thomas Dacker John Lurday William Tooker
Richard Daniell John Lyle John Towle
Ephraim Darracott Robert Magrock James Treenn
William Darracott Edward Maney Edmund Tregibons
John Darvie John Marles James Tricke
Sander David Robert Martin James Tricke
John Davie John Martinn John Tricker
Edward Davy John Martinn John Tucker
John Davye sen. Nathaniel Martinn Michael Tucker
John Davye jun. Peter Martinn Walter Tucker
William Davye Richard Martinn Matthews Tuckerr
Edward Delbridge Henry Mason James Turrenn
Richard Delbridge Henry Masonnn George Uly
Nicholas Dennis William Mathas Roger Veale
Thomas Dennys Richard Mathew Andrew Veivefeild
Joseph Dolbridge Thomas Mathew Walter Venie
Pentecost Dodridge Robert May Balthazar Vigures
Bartholomew Dorracott John Maye Richard Vigures
John Dotingtonn Morris Maye Richard Visley
John Downe Nicholas Maye Thomas Vyle
Nicholas Downe Philip Maye William Waie
William Downe Walter Maye Richard Walker
Robert Downemann George Mayor George Walters
Justinian Drewe Walter Meane James Walters
Lewis Dune John Medford Morgan Walters
Robert Dunne Nathaniel Merrick William Warman
Jonathan Dymonn  John Merrywether George Warmann
John Edge Richard Midomy Arthur Waycombe
Philip Edwards sen. Edward Millard John Waye
Philip Edwards jun. John Miles Simon Wearde
Edward Edye Henry Mills Geoffrey Webber
Jonas Elice Philip Mocombe William Webbes
Roger Elliott Edmund Moore Simon Weekes
Matthew Esseke James Moore John Weeles
Thomas Evens George Morginn George Wescombe
Francis Facye Moses Morris William Wescombe
Richard Fecrib Simon Morris Justinian Westcome
Lewis Ferchfeild John Norrom Theodore Wetrharcate
John Ferefeild John Noule John Wetheridge
John Ferris John Noyses Anthony Way
Richard Finimoore Dennis Murgann Nicholas Wheler
George Fisley Dennis Murgann Philip Wheler
Nicholas Flay John Mynard John Whiller
Edward Fleminge Richard Nash Edward White
George Ford William Nash Michael White
Thomas Ford James Necke Walter Venie
William Ford Arthur Neele Balthazar Vigures
Stephen Foundmore James Neldes Richard Vigures
James Fox James Nethercott Richard Visley
Jonathan Fox Francis Newtonn Thomas Vyle
Robert Frankline James Nicholl William Waie
William French Anthony Nicholls Richard Walker
Hugh Frey James Nicholls George Walters
John Frost John Nicholls James Walters
George Frye William Nicholls Morgan Walters
Thomas Frye William Nicholls jun. William Warman
Thomas Furse Richard Norbett George Warmann
Philip Garrenn William Norcott Arthur Waycombe
Alexander Gaydonn Joseph Norman John Waye
Anthony Gaye sen. Humphrey Northam Simon Wearde
Anthony Gaye jun. John Nosworthy Geoffrey Webber
George Gaye William Nottell William Webbes
Richard Geofrys Philip Odome Simon Weekes
John Gibbe William Ogenn John Weeles
William Gibbs James Oliver George Wescombe
John Giddins William Onosye William Wescombe
Nicholas Gill sen. George Osborne Justinian Westcome
Nicholas Gill jun. Andrew Oxenn Theodore Wetharcate
Stephen Gills Peter Paddinn John Wetheridge
Ambrose Gip Gilbert Paige Anthony Way
Francis Gipp Anthony Palmer Nicholas Wheler
George Gloseard James Palmer Philip Wheler
Philip Glyone William Palmer John Whiller
Robert Gloyne William Panchard Edward White
Richard Gortonn Arthur Parker Michael White
George Gould Edward Parker Joseph Williams
Gilbert Grade Hugh Parker Matthew Williams
George Gread John Parker Robert Williams
John Gread John Parker Roger Williams 
Thomas Gread Robert Parmeter Thomas Williams
Ezekiel Grible Henry Parmit Walter Williams
Hugh Grible Philip Parneter Andrew Winpenn
John Grible Laurence Parsons John Winnpenny
John Grible Richard Parsons Nicholas Winpenny
John Grible Richard Parsons John Witheridge
Richard Grible  James Passmore Robert Witheridge
Robert Grible Daniel Peaarce Robert Witheridge
Henry Griffy Henry Pearce Thomas Witheridge
John Growe Roger Pearce Anthony Wood
Thomas Hall Thomas Pearce Richard Woodridge
Silvanin Hammetts Charles Peard John Wormann
William Handman Jack Peard Lewis Worth
Christopher Hanger Adam Pearde Charles Wyett
John Hancocke George Pearde Anthony Yeo
William Hap Roger Pearde Hugh Yeo
Walter Harde Nicholas Penell Jonathan Yeo
John Hardey George Penrose Lewis Yeo
David Harris John Perrie ---
Edward Harris Henry Perry --

(All the above names in the same hand)

The Protestation was presented to George Baylis who refused to take it.

Martin Blake - Minister

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council

 

 
 
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