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BRAUNTON - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Braunton  belonged to the Hundred of Braunton

The original spelling has been preserved

Lewis Acland Richard Harris Roger Preist
Richard Allin, sen. Simon Harris Humphrey Prichard
Richard Allin, jun. William Hartknoll Anthony Pridox
Thomas Androe John Hauredge John Pridiox sen.
Jenkin Badcock John Heale John Pridiox jun
John Acland Richard Heale John Pridiox
Nicholas Bagglehole Richard Hearde Philip Pridiox
John Baker Peter Hearden Philip Pridiox
Thomas Baker Richard Hearden Richard Pridiox
James Bale John Hedden Robert Pyle
John Bale Nicholas Heywood John Quick sen
Hugh Barnehouse William Hisman John Quick jun
James Barra William Hoale Henry Ramsey
David Bennett William Hocking Olvier Reede
Hugh Bennett Simon Hodge

John Rice

Servant to Adam Horden

William Bennett Thomas Hodge Richard Richards, Gent
Christopher Berrie William Hodge John Rickett
Philip Berrie Richard Holde Richard Ridde
Thomas Berrie, Gent. Nicholas Hooper, Gent Robert Ridde
Anthony Berry, Gent Thomas Hooper John Rise
Hugh Blackmore Adam Horden John Rise
John Blackmore Adam Horden William Rise
Nicholas Blackmore John Horden sen. John Roberts
Theophilus Blake John Horden  jun. Arthur Rodger
James Brooke Richard Horden Thomas Rodger
Philip Brooke Thomas horden Philip Saunder
William Brooke Thomas Houch Edward Scampe
William Budde Edmund Hoyle George Scampe
Philip Burges John Hoyle Hugh Scampe
Richard Burges Richard Hue John Scampe
John Bustaine Richard Huet John Scampe
James Buttercombe Charles Hunt Peter Scampe
Robert Buttercombe Joseph Hunt Richard Scampe
Anthony Buzzacote Lewis Hunt Robert Scampe
Thomas Byle Philip Hunt Thomas Scampe
Ellizens Canne Roger Hunt Robert Score sen
John Challocombe Roger Hunt Robert Score jun
Christopher Chaunt Henry Huxtable Edward Shephearde
Thomas Chaunt Henry Huxtable John Shepheard
Michael Cheavens Lewis Incledon, Gent. Philip Shephearde
Richard Clarke John James Peter Sherman

David Clement

Servant to David Hunt

Hugh Jaxson Hugh Singe
Rice Clement Philip Juell Charles Skinner
Thomas Clement Tristram Kennaday John Skinner
Robert Cleypitt Walter Kent John Slocum
Walter Coate William Kimpe Charles Smith
Richard Coats Alexander Kinge Charles Sommer
John Cook George Kinge Joseph Sommer
John Cockhill Lewis Kinwell Nicholas Som,mer
Nicholas Cockhill Leonard Knill Richard Sommer
John Collins Richard Knill Henry Souch
Thomas Comer Philip Lake George Staddon
John Commens Charles Lamprey Geroge Steevin
Simson Couch Emmanuel Lamprey George Steevin
Daniel Courtis George Lamprey John Steevin
John Courtis John Lamprey John Steevin
Richard Crange David Langdon sen Lewis Steevin
Edward Crick David Langdon jun John Stoat
Andrew Croscombe Edward Langdon sen Edward Stoate
Edward Croscombe Edward Langdon jun. John Stoate
Henry Croscombe George Langdon Lewis Stoate
James Croscombe James Langdon William Stoate
John Croscombe John Langdon James Stockham
John  Croscombe Philip Langdon Thomas Striblin
John Croscombe Philip Langdon Adam Sweete
John Croscombe John Larrimie Ezebiuus Symon
Mathew Croscombe John Lavercombe Francis Symon
Peter Croscombe James Lee John Symon
Philip Croscombe Lewis Ley John Symon
Richard Croscombe John Loveringe John Symon
Robert Croscombe Nicholas Loveringe John Symon
Simon Croscombe John Luttrell Esq. Lewis Symon
Thomas Croscombe John Manninge Richard Symon
Thomas Croscombe John Marke William Symon
Thomas Croscombe Robert Marke Richard Symon
Thomas Croscombe Edmund Marshall Henry Tawney
William Croscombe Edward Marshe John Tawnie
Humphrey Cuddemore Edward Marshe Robert Taylder
Edward Davie Edward Marshe George Taylebushe
Thomas Deamond Robert Maunsell Richard Taylebushe
Arthur Deere Nicholas Mayne William Teague
Gabriel Deere William Mayne John Tollin
Henry Dennis Lewis Mock John Tollin
Henry Dennis Philip Mocke Philip Tollin
John Dennis Thomas Mogeridge Philip Tollin
Nicholas Dennis Richard Mogeridge Robert Tollin
Richard Dennis Richard Monsell Samuel Tollin
Robert Dennis Christopher Morris William Tollin
Roger Dennis John Mosaven sen Henry Tommas
Walter Dennis Philip Mosaven jun George Tooker jun
Thomas Dey Philip Mosaven Humphrey Tooker
John Downe Thomas Mosaven John Upcote
Laurence Downe William Oliver William Upcote
Baldwin Downeman Oynes ( a Welshman) Christopher Vallintin
Richard Drew sen. Philip Par John Vellacote
Richard Drew jun. Edward Parkin Amos Verchilde
John Dunne Peter Parminter Henry Walter
Henry Eastaway Philip Parmiter James Walter
John Ellis Abraham Payne John Walter
Robert Elliott George Payne Peter Walter
Philip Follintine Hannibal Payne Richard Walter, Gent
Matthew Fooke Thomas Payne John Watkins
William Fooke William Payne Humphrey Webber
Achilles Fortescue, Gent. Thomas Pearde John Wheake
Charles Fosse John Pender John Weake jun
Richard Fosse Bartholomew Perrin William Wheake
Richard Fosse John Perrin William Wheake
Robert Funtney Bartholomew Perrin James White
William Gaine John Perrin John White
John Garland Richard Perrin Richard White
Geoffrey Garnis Roger Perrin Robert White
John Garnis Thomas Perrin William White
John Garnis Thomas Perrin William White
William Garnis William Perrin sen Philip Whitefeild
Ambrose Geere William Perrin jun. William Whitefeild sen
Thomas Gibons Richard Peter William Whitefield jun
Pentecost Glidden Nicholas Phillipp Arthur Wichalls
Thomas Goole Richard Philpe John Williams
Edward Goorden Richard Philpe William Winge
Richard Goule Lewis Piddon John Witheridge
Robert Goule Edward Praunce Hugh Wyot, Gent
Peter Grenaway Hugh Paunce Adam Yollaton
Edward Gribble Peter Praunce Arthur Wollaton
John Hammett Robert Praunce Nicholas Yollaton
Richard Harris Philip Preise Francis Yollaton

The above names are in the same hand

The following are also in the same hand

William Challoner - Vicar

Joseph Roe - Curate

John Collemore - Churchwarden

Peter horden - Hundred Constable

John Langdon - Petty Constable

Richard knill - Petty Constable

Richard Kidde - Overseer

Philip Corscombe jun. - Overseer

Thomas Payne - Overseer

Philip Crosscombe sen. Overseer

 

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council


 

 
 
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