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BUCKFASTLEIGH - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Buckfastleigh belonged to the Hundred of  Stanborough

The original spelling has been preserved

Stephen Adams Samuel Foxe Nicholas Pethabridge
Peter Adams Thomas Foxe Nicholas Pethabridge
John Alegood William Foxe Thomas Pethabridge
William Alegood John Foxworthy Andrew Phylipp
John Anselow John Frye Christpher Phylipp
Alfred Austyne John Freyer Jonathan Phylipp
Alfred Austyne William Fynch William Phylipp
David Austyne John Gatchfield Christopher Phylips
John Austyne John Gee Edward Pittiven
Thomas Austyne Charles Gray Elias Pomery
Thomas Austyne John Gray James Poery
John Ball John Gray, jun. Andrew Pope.
Andrew Bartley John Gray, jun. Edmund Poundey
David Bartley Edward Greene William Prouse
Stephen Bartley Bartholomew Grose Peter Putteven
Andrew Beard John Grose William Putteven
Anthony Beard John Grose, jun. William Putteven
Edmund Beard Hercules Gydley James Puttiven
Peter Bennet John Gydley Elias Pomery
Willis Bickam Thomas Gydley James Pomery
George Bicott Ezekiel Hall Andrew Pope
Henry Binmoore George Hall Edmund Poundey
Robert Binmoore John Hanaford William Prouse
Christopher Bovey Philip Hanaford Peter Putteven
Evan Bovey Thomas Hanaford William Putteven
John Bovey Andrew Hanniford William Putteven
John Bovey John Harford James Puttiven
Nathaniel Bovey Edmund Harris Philip Puttiven
Robert Bovey sen. John Harris Walter Rees
Robert Bovey John Harris Anthony Remell
Thomas Bovey John Harvey Edward Rendell
Thomas Bovey John Harwell jun. Walter Robins
William Bovey Nathaniel Hill Henry Rovers
Andrew Bownsall John Hodge Henry Sandey sen.
John Brodford Robert Hodge Henry Sandey jun
Walter Brooking Thomas Hodge Jonas Sandey
Jezrael Brown Nicholas Hore Laurence Dandey
Robert Bronwe Nicholas Hore George Sarle
William Browne Robert Hore Charles Satchfeeld
Martin Browse William Hore Charles Satchfeeld
Richard Browse William Hore Henry Scorce
Robert Buckinham Richard Horwell Edward Shaper jun
Thomas Burgis John Huniwell John Shaper
Richard Buttaven John Huniwell Roger Shaper
Joseph Buttaver John Huniwell Nicholas Shapter
Richard Cabell jun. Jonas Huniwell Laurence Sharpham
Samuel Cabell William Ilbert Richard Sheere
Samuel Callard Nicholas Jacson Walter Shellabeer
Abraham Callerd Richard Jellerd Hugh Sherwell
Charles Callerd sen. Edmund Jewell John Sherwell sen.
Henry Callerd Giles Jewell John Sherwell jun.
John Callerd Samuel Kelland John Sherwell
Thomas Caller jun. Thomas Kelland Peter Sherwell
William Case John Knapman Samuel Steevens
Christopher Casey Thomas Knapman John Stonding
John Cater Edmund Kyttow John Stone
Richard Chafe sen. John Lang John Stone sen.
James Chasse John Lang Richard Stoneing
John Chasse Samuel Lange John Stowe
John Chasse David Langly James Sumper
Nicholas Cooke Samuel Langston Philip Symons
Thomas Cooke Owen Langworthy Richard Tapper
Thomas Cooke Martin Lavers Jarvis Taylor
George Couch William Lavers David Toope
William Couche Philip Luscombe John Toope
Robert Crapping Samuel Luscombe jun. Samuel Toope
Simon Creppin Henry Maddocke Thomas Toope
Peter Crimpe Henry Maddocke Thomas Toope
John Cropping Samuel Maddocke William Toope
Michael Cropping Austin Man Edward Torre
Thomas Cropping Richard Man James Torre
Thomas Cropping Thomas Man Peter Torre
William Cropping Richard Marrocke Elias Treeby
Obidiah Crusse John Mitchelmore Daniel Tucker
William Culme John Mithcelmore John Tucker
John Cuttiwen John Mitchelmore Jasper Turgis
James Dal Peter Mitchelmore John Turgis
Walter Davey Robert Mitchelmore Thomas Turgis
Hugh Day Walter Mitchelmore Thomas Turgis
Michael Day William Mitchelmore Walter Turner
Michael Derry James Morgan Samuel Tuscombe
Richard Derry William Moore Andrew Tymkam
John Dod Bartholomew Mudge Robert Tynckam
John Dod George Mudge William Veale
Samuel Dod John Mudge John Voysey
Francis Dodridge Nicholas Mudge John Warring
Robert Dolbert Thomas Mudge Edmund Wartley
Richard Downeing Thomas Mudge Edward Waysey
Thomas Dunacombe William Mudge Thomas Weeger
Thomas Edmund Simon  Nicholls Samuel Westlake
John Edmunds sen. Robert Noleworthy John Whyte
John Edmunds jun. John Norraway Edward Williams
Matthew Edwards Henry Norris Roger Wills
Thomas Eles Christopher Northway John Windyet
Thomas Elles William Northaway John Windyet
George Emmott Robert Noseworthy Henry Withecombe
John Evines Thomas Oxford Thomas Withecombe
George Fabian Nicholas Page William Withecombe
Thomas Fogwell Benjamin Parnell Thomas Wolson
William Fogwell sen. John Parnell Peter Wode
William Fogwell  Benjamin Pernell Geoffrey Wotton
Thomas Ford Robert Perry John Wotton
Philip Forster Edward Pethabridge Richard Wotton
Richard Foster Emmanuel Pethabridge William Wotton
James Foxe John Pethabridge Henry Wreford

(The above in the same hand. The following seven are signatures.)

John Dolbeare - Vicar

Henry Luscombe - Constable

Philip Furnape - Constable

John Warringe - Churchwarden

John Bovey - Churchwarden

John Shapter - Overseer

John Stone - Overseer

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

 

 

 
 
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