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BUCKLAND BREWER  - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Buckland Brewer belonged to the Hundred of Shebbear

The original spelling has been preserved

John Adams Anthony Gill Robert Peckard
Nicholas Adams Gabriel Gill Thomas Peckard
John Alin Augustine Glidden William Peckard
John Allin Henry Gloin William Peckard
Thomas Andrew sen Samuel Gloin William Peckard jun
Thomas Andrew jun Thomas Gloin William Peckard jun
William Andrew Daniel Green Nicholas Powell
John Ashen Richard Hanlin Gent

Absent & recusant

Mark Powsner
Emmanuel Avery Thomas Hannacott William Prance
John Avery William Haply William Rigaby sen
Anthony Bale Ambrose Harris Wiklliam Rigaby jun
Gregory Bale Stephen Harris Baldwin Rikard
Philip Bale William Harris sen Edward Rikard
Nicholas Banck William Harris jun Richard Rikard
William Banck Gabriel Haywood Nathaniel Rikard
Roger Basely Paul Hedden Philip Risdon Gent
William Basse Thomas Hem Thomas Risdon Gent
Edward Beer Edward Hendon Anthony Rowcliffe
John Beer sen John Hern Philip Rowcliffe
John Beer jun Charity Hill Alexander Saunder
Stephen Beer William Hill Ambrose Saunders
Ambrose Benint Oliver Hoare Edward Saunders
William best Humphrey Hoare Edmund Short
William Birdyman Thomas Hood John Short
Andrew Blake John Hooper Stephen Short

(Absent & recusant)

John Blake jun. Thomas Hooper Simon Sincock
Christopher Blangerd Roger Huddle John Stand

(Absent from home)

John Blase Ambrose Jease Anthony Talamey
John Bracon Francis Jewell John Talamey sen
Barick Bray William Jewell John Talemey jun
Richard Bray Richard Johns Thomas Tanton
John Bridgman Gent Simon Johns Christopher Tarthrew
William Brook Ambrose Johnson Edward Tarthrew
Robert Budd Hugh Judd John Tarthrew
Balthazar Butler John Juell Richard Tarthrew
William Butler Lewis Keen Thomas Tarthrew
William Butler jun John Knight Alexander Tooker
Andrew Caddie Christopher Leman Abraham Tothacot
Hugh Can Thomas Lendon Baldwin Tothacot
John Chidalie William Lile Philip Tothacot
John Clarke William Londing Richard Tothacot
Nicholas Collacott William Lucas

Absent & recusant

Ralph Touchin
Thomas Collacott Edward Luxon sen. Hugh Trick
John Collard Edward Luxon jun John Tucker
John Courtis Thomas Maning John Turner
Philip Courtis William Maning Richard Varlow
Richard Crocker Anthony Meddon Nicholas Vigurs
Griffith Davie Baldwin Medden Philip Vinney

(Absent from home)

Philip Davie John Medden George Voscombe
John Denys sen. John Meddon jun. John Voscombe
John Denys jun William Meddon Nicholas Voscombe
Samuel Denys John Mocke William Voscombe
Thomas Dibb George Olde John Webb
Humphrey Dier Baldwin Medden Philip Webb
John Dier jun. John Medden Ricahrd Webber
John Dierhinch John Meddon jun. Thomas Wensly
William Drue William Meddon Leonard Whitehaire
Thomas Fulford John Mocke John Wilcocke
William Fulford George Olde Richard Wilcoke
William Futts John Olde Henry Williams
Giles Galsworthie John Palmer 

(Absent at sea)

Henry Williams
John Galsworthie Alexander Peckard Richard Willams
Leonard Galsworthie Edward Peckard Thomas Williams
William Galsworthie Giles Peckard Maurice Wills
John Gamstring John Peckard sen. Arthur Winslade

(The above names are written in the same  hand; the following sick are signatures)

Robert Dacie - Vicar

Thomas Stapledon - Constable

William Rigesby - Constable

Philip Rewcliffe - Churchwarden

Andrew Caddie - Overseer

Thomas Fulford - Overseer

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council

 

 
 
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