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CHERITON BISHOP - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Cheriton Bishop belonged to the Hundred of Wonford 

The original spelling has been preserved

Mark Aish Richard Dicker sen Roger MIlford
John Aishe Richard Dicker jun Henry Milford
Richard Arnell John Dicklegge jun Henry Moore
William Arnell Robert Dickelegge James Morice
William Arnell jun George Dicklegge Thomas Morrice
John Aysh Richard Dicklegge jun John Mortimer
Mary Aysh Richard Dier Thomas Mortumer
Matthew Aysh Richard Discomb William Mortymer
Willia, Aysh jun Richard Discomb William Morymer jun
William Ayshe Simon Discomb Giles Muddeford
William Ballamin Thomas Dyer George Murch
Simon Ballamy Robert Earle John Murch
Peter Bennet Edward Eastbrooke Walter Newton
Robert Bidgood William Edmund Thomas Nosworthy
John BInny Peter Ellys Joseph Orchard
John Bishop John Elson Thomas Orchard
Henry Blanchard Robert Elston William Orchyard
Thomas Blanchard John Furse Thomas Parker
John Blanchard Richard Furse Thomas Parr
Nicholas Bollehall Walter Furse Nicholas Parre
Arthur Bolt  Gabriel Gale John Pensford
Mark Bolt George Gale Peter Plymsoll
Richard Bond William Gornyn Stephen Plymsoll
John  Bragge Francis Gorven Walter Plymsoll
William Bragge John Gorvin Edward Preston
Edmund Brymblecombe John Grible John Preston
John Buckingham Samuel Grible William Preston
John Buckingham William Grible John Puddecombe
John Burgen John Grunden John Puddecombe
William Can Richard Grunden John Pythebridge
Richard Canne Walter Gubbins Roger Radford
William Chester William Gubbins William Roe
Robert Claish Thomas Herdan Richard Rowden
Nicholas Cockerham John Home Stephen Searle
George Collihall Gregory Hooper Nicholas Snowe
Richard Collihall Richard Hooper Edmund Speare
John Corwyn Nicholas Knight Mark Stabbacke
John Cothyhall William Lake Walter Stabbacke
Francis Cotly John Lane John Strong
Matthew Crocker Edmund Lee Mark Tapper
Roger Damond Thomas Linch Francis Trend
John Davie John Linscott Peter Trend
John Davie jun. Edward Longe William Troro
Stephen Davy Alexander Longman Christopher Tymlet
Henry Deling Francis Lyne Nicholas Underhill
Henry Delve jun William Lyne William Underhill
Richard Dicklegg William Maior Edward Upton
John Dickelegg Thomas Mannying Henry Vennard
John Dicker Richard Maye John Way

Samuel Ware - Curate

Henry Nosworthy - Constable

John Burnell - Constable

William Stronge - Churchwarden

John Floud - Churchwarden

William Cribble - Sidesman

William Discombe - Sidesman

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                  Courtesy: Devon County Council

 

 
 
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