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COLYTON PARISH - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Colyton belonged to the Hundred of  Colyton

The original spelling has been preserved

Alan Abbott William Bucknole Thomas Collum
Francis Abbott Henry Bull Thomas Collyer
John Abbott John Bull Thomas Colpresse
Christopher Ash Thomas Bull William Cookner
Thomas Babb John Burnard William Couch
William Bagge Gilbert Burrough Ellis Cox
Richard Bagge Clement Bussell John Cox
Edward Bagwell George Bussell John Cox
John Bagwell James Bussell John Cox
John Bagqwell John Butley Philip Cox
Peter Bagwell Bartholomew Butter Robert Cox
Peter Bagwell Edmund Butter Roger Cox
Ralph Bagwell John Butter Walter Cox
William Baker John Butter jun. William Cox
Robert Bankes Robert Byrd Edward Crabb
William Bankes John Canley George Crabb
Gawen Basely John Carpenter John Crabb
Simon Bastour Ralph Carpenter John Crabb
Nicholas Batten

John Carswell

(of the town)

Robert Crabb
John Bawdon John Carswell William Crabb
Richard Bellaman Matthew Carswell John Critchett
Bernard Bird Nicholas Carswell John Crocker
Bernard Bird Robert Carswell John Crocker
George Bird sen Robert Carswell Richard Crocker
George Bird Thomas Carter sen. William Crocker
John Bird Thomas Carter Bernard Crosse
John Bird Edward Cassley

John Crosse

(of the town)

Josiah Bird Edward Cawley John Crosse
Solomon Bird James Cawley John Crosse
Simon Bird John Cawley William Crow
Thomas Bird Henry Chancellour Roger Crutchett
Jasper Bishop William Chancellour James Daniell
Peter Blackaller George Channon William Daniell
Thomas Blackall John Clark sen. Ralph Darke
Roger Bole

John Clark

(of the town)

Bernard Dassell
William Bole Edmund Clarke Bernard Dassett sen.
William Bond Edward Clarke

Thomas Davey

(of the town)

William Bond Francis Clarke William Davey
John Bonfeild George Clarke Nicholas Deane
Osmond Bonfeild George Clarke Thomas Deane
Philip Bonfeild Henry Clarke Roger Dement
Thomas Bonfeild John Clarke Henry Dight
William Bonfeild John Cleeve Robert Dolbeir
Richard Bravys Edmund Clode Stephen Doleinge
Richard Brocke Richard Clotworthy Henry Dove
Abel Browne John Cluttery Henry Dove
Thomas Buckland Nicholas Cluttery Bernard Drake
William Buckland Richard Cluttery John Drake
Christopher Bucknole Philip Cockey Thomas Drake

 

 

 
 
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