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GIDLEIGH - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named. 

 A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Gidleigh belonged to the Hundred of Wonford

(The original spelling has  been retained)

Alexander Ash Alexander Risdon jun. William Tincombe sen.
William Ash John Risdon William Tincombe jun.
Henry Baunt William Risdon Alexander Vogwell
Alexander Bennett Henry Slage Henry Vogwell
John Denninge Richard Slage James Vogwell
Bartholomew Gidley Alexander Tincombe William Vogwell sen.
John Hooper Edward Tincombe William Vogwell
Richard Leach Henry Tincombe sen. Thomas Warre
Michael Morris Henry Tincombe jun.  Thomas Weedkes
William Potter John Tincombe Arthur Woodley
William Preston Richard Tincombe -----
Alexander Risdon sen. Thomas Tincombe -----

(The above names are in the same hand. The following four are signatures and these persons are noted as having taken the Protestation in the presence of Sir John David, Baronet and Thomas Tuckfield Esq.)

John Waitham - Curate

William Dogwell - Constable

Edward Mace - Churchwarden

Edward Murch - Overseer

 

*For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

 

 
 
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