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Devon County

Devonshire Rgt.

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HATHERLEIGH RESIDENTS IN THE UNIVERSAL BRITISH DIRECTORY c.1794

 

The Universal British Directory of Trade, Commerce & Manufacture was issued in separate volumes over a period of 7 to 8 years between 1791 and 1798. As the different volumes were published, updates and alterations were made so that no listing can be specific to a single year but rather, to the final years of the 18th century.

No street locations were given for the traders. The original spelling has been retained.

 

Hatherleigh is a town about 201 miles from London, seven from Oakhampton, twenty-eight from Exeter, fourteen from Holsworthy, ten from Torrington, eighteen from Bideford and twenty-two from Barnstable. It is seated on a branch of the river Torridge, near its conflux with the Ock. Its inhabitants are chiefly employed in the woollen manufactory and agriculture, it being esteemed a very good soil for the improvement of the latter. To the borough belongs a large common or waste plot of land, which is very beneficial, and which was given to the said town near four centuries past.

 

There are four annual fairs, viz. May 21, June 22, September 4 and November 8; in case either of the said days fall on a Monday or Saturday, then the fairs are held on the Tuesday preceding. There is also a great market held on the Friday that happens nearest the 21st day of March in every year, which hath been but of late years, but there are near as many cattle then sold as at either of the fairs. There are two market days in a week, one on Tuesday and the other on Friday.

The borough business is transacted by a portreeve and two constables, chosen annually at the lord of the manor's court, as are also other inferior officers, respecting the rights of the said borough.

This is a remarkable good country for game, fowling and fishing, and is bounded by the notable rivers Torridge, Ockment and Lew.

 

The post from Crediton arrives Mondays, Thursdays and Saturdays, by eight o'clock in the morning and waits while a post goes from here to Stratton, which returns by seven o'clock in the evening, and by which letters, &c. are conveyed from thence to Exeter, where they are delivered next morning by seven o'clock.

 

There are three stage-wagons pass through the town; one from Northam near Bideford, on the road to Plymouth and Plymouth Dock, every Monday fortnight, which returns the Friday following; the other two from Exeter to Stratton every Monday and return the Wednesday following; which makes it very convenient for carriage of goods or parcels from this town to Torrington, Bideford and Barnstaple (sea-port town) and to Oakhampton, Tavistock, Plymouth, Crediton and Exeter, which are capital places for business, being good market towns.

The following are the principal inhabitants:

 

GENTRY

Darke, Thomas Esq.

King, Mrs.

Paddon, Mr. John

Southcombe, Mr. Arthur

Titherly, Mr. Arthur Abbot

Titherly, Mrs. Catherine

Veale, James, Esq.

CLERGY

Glasscott, Rev. Cradock, Vicar

PHYSICIAN

Boughton, George

TRADERS &c.

Angell, James, Parish Clerk and serge maker

Braund, Arscott, worsted chain-maker* and yarn-jobber

Bodley, Mary, milliner and shopkeeper

Bews, John, hollow turner and timberman

Balkwell, Anthony, cooper

Battishill, John, woolcomber

Bowman, Samuel, boot and shoemaker

Beare, John, carpenter

Bowden, Edward, joiner and carpenter

Bowden, Anthony, butcher

Combe, William, sen., innkeeper - The New Inn

Coombe, William, jun., glazier and plumber

Coombe, Thomas, woolcomber

Cowle, Thomazine, schoolmistress

Chudley, George, gardener

Denford, William, baker

Dart, John, thatcher

Downe, Francis, gardener

Essery, Anthony, glazier and plumber

Edwards, John, blacksmith

Friendship, James, blacksmith

Fewings, James, worsted chain and serge-maker

Goss, Robert, butcher

Gassill, William wheelwright

Gassill, Jane, shopkeeper

Gill, John, driller and chair-maker

Hutchings, Humphrey, Excise Officer

Harris, William, watch & clock-maker, shopkeeper

Hooper, Lawrence, mason

Hooper, John, fellmonger and breeches-maker

Hooper, William, mason

Hurford, John, tailor

Holman, Benjamin, carpenter

Johns, Richard, blacksmith

Johns, Joseph, lath-maker**

Johnston, Elizabeth, mantua-maker***

Lock, Richard, tailor

Lee, Edward, woolcomber

Madge, John, boot and shoemaker

Madge, Mary, scrivener and schoolmistress

Medland, Henry, baker and thatcher

Medland, Moses, thatcher

May, Henry, post office & innkeeper -The George

Moore, Joseph, mason

Merrifield, Ann, shopkeeper

Middleton, Mary, milliner

Morcombe, Samuel, tailor

Marshall, Francis, cordwainer

Night, Henry, baker

Nethaway, Henry, thatcher

Palmer, John, tailor

Pedrick, Arthur, blacksmith

Robins, George, worsted - chain-maker and woolcomber

Rattenbury, Richard, miller

Seldon, John, maltster

Stapledon, Richard, timber merchant

Smale, John, hatter and felt-maker

Smale, Joan, victualler - The Hat

Smale, Edward, cooper and timber merchant

Short, Richard, cordwainer

Stanbury, John, boot and shoemaker

Scamp, John, cordwainer

Turner, John, boot and shoemaker

Tucker, Jonathan, merchant

Tucker, Thomas, woolcomber

Trenaman, James. mason

Trenaman, William, mason

Westren, Thomas, land surveyor, auctioneer and maltster

Westlake, Matthew, inn keeper - The London Inn

Westlake, William, carpenter.

 

*Worsted cloth is made from long sheep's wool  fibres - woollen cloth from short. 

The weaver at his loom interlaces two types of thread (the warp and the weft) which are at right angles to each other. The warp threads run up and down the piece of cloth and are fixed to the bars of the loom. The continuous  weft thread is woven across the warps alternately passing above and below those threads. The warp had to be stronger than the weft so each was spun in a different way initially. In Devon, warp was known as "chain" - hence the term "chain-maker" - making chain was a skilled task . 

**Lath consisted of very thin strips of wood. It was used in the process of plastering walls and ceilings to form a base.

***Highly skilled dressmakers often described themselves as "Mantua makers". They were able to re-make and re-style garments so that the fabric could be used again and were also capable of making corsets.



















 

 
 
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