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HIGHAMPTON - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Highampton belonged to the Hundred of Black Torrington

The original spelling has been preserved

Richard Aish Michael Heale William Oliver
John Aishe Robert Heale Anthony Parish
Richard Avery John Heard John Pearce
John Blackford John Helman Nicholas Pearse
Walter Blackford Anthony Hooper Roger Somery
John Burdon, Gent James James John Somrey
Robert Burdon, Gent Francis Kingwall Edward Waterman
Leonard Chugge Thomas Legge Richard Waterman 
Clement Coutise George Maie William Waterman
John Courtise Humphrey Maie Jasper Wellman
Nicholas Crewise Humphrey Maie Mark Whitheare
Timothy Downinge Robert Maie Robert Whitheare
Lewis Glidden Robert Maie William Whitheare
Lewis Gorford William Maie Hannibal Whitheare
Richard Gorfield George Neno Mark Williams
Robert Hawkins Henry Northam -----

(The above names are written in the same  hand; the 

following five are signatures)

Thomas Shute - Clerk

William Hooper - Constable

Francis Narroway - Churchwarden

Richard Smale - Overseer

William Maie - Overseer

(All the above names are in the same hand)

 

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

 

 
 
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