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HOLBETON TOWN PROTESTATION RETURN 1641/42

 

Holbeton Parish covered a large area  because the parish was still sub-divided into ancient parcels of land called "tythings" each roughly one tenth of a Hundred. The complete Hundred, including all its tythings would have been signed off by the Vicar, Churchwardens, Overseers etc but that part of the document is now lost.

The list of tythings below may not be complete so we are only providing information about the main village, here called Holbeton Town.

The tythings for which records once existed were as follows:

Fleet Candell Carswill
Bromswell Membland
Lambside Ballisbroke
Easton Calston
Ford Mothicombe
Moore Creacombe
Whitemore Moore
Adston Borough
Seccare Bridge Holbeton Town
Hamamill Hay
Combe Nethercombe
Higher Fleete Scotcombe
Fursdon

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Holbeton belonged to the Hundred of  Ermington

The original spelling has been preserved

Thomas Adams John Denbow Edward Rapkin
Anthony Baker Roger Durridge William Reynolds
Robert Baker Walter Elliott Charles Roch
John Bole sen. George Gaffe sen Francis Roch
John Bole jun. George Gaffe jun John Roger
Robert Bowden Roger Gale Ralph Roger sen
Simon Burne Andrew Gregory Ralph Roger jun
Richard Caine Humphrey Hannaford Francis Searle
John Cawker Nicholas Hill Walter Shepherd
Adrian Champion Thomas Hingston John Somersett
James Chapleman William Hingston Francis Stiston
William Chapleman John Jenkin John Stiston
Edward Clarke Henry Lapthorne Silvester Sym
Robert Cleare John Lapthorne Andrew Treby
John Cobine Ellis Lup John Treby
John Colwell Robert Morris Nicholas Treby
Richard Cornish Philip Peeke John Treworthy
John Corpe Thomas Pointer Andrew Wakeham
Samuel Crop Andrew Pollexfen Andrew Wakham
Andrew Crot Andrew Popleston George Walke
Thomas Darch Thomas Popleston Walter Walke
Samuel Deane Ellis Prideaux Andrew Weyht
Thomas Deane William Randall Diggory Wilman

 

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

 

 

 
 
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