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KENTON - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

which are grouped in Hundreds*

Kenton belonged to the Hundred of Exminster 

(The original spelling has been retained )

Nicholas Adams John Furlong John Peirce
Emmanuel Alling Mark Furlong William Periam
George Alling John Geiles John Periman
George Alling John Geiles Edward Philpe
George Alling William Gentle Matthew Philpe
Edward Alred John Gooding Richard Philpe
Nicholas Ascote Richard Groseley Francis Pooke
Richard Ashe George Harding John Quicke
William Atwill John Harris Laurence Quicke
John Baker Thomas Harris Samuel Quicke
Edward Ball William Harris Simon Quicke
George Ball Thomas Harry John Reene
William Ball William Hauker Zachary Reene
William Balster Michael Heale Walter Roade
John Band Joseph Helliar Hugh Rowe
William Band Henry Helling William Rugg
Edward Bartley Henry Helly Thomas Russell
Richard Baylise Thomas Helly James Ryder
Robert Baylise Cuthbert Hemson Nicholas Salter
William Baylye Thomas Hemson John Samson
Philp Berrie Christopher Hendie John Scadlake
Robert Bidgood Derby Hickie Richard Searle
William Blackaller John Holwill Robert Sealre
Richard Bobbish John Hooper David Seaward
John Bond John Hulling Emmanuel Seaward
John britnall William Hulling Stephen Seaward
Laurence Britnall Henry Hunniwill Dawen Sexton
George Brooke Robert Hutchings Philip Sexton
John Brooke Emmanuel Hutton Robert Sexton
Thomas Browne Emmanuel Hutton Thomas Shapley
John Burge William Hyde Thomas Shapley
John Burgin John Irishe John Shoe
William Burgoyne John Irishe Adam Shorke
Thomas Burnell Richard James Charles Skinner
William Callowe Roger Jefferie Charles Skinner
Robert Cann Thomas Jefferie Cuthbert Skinner
Jeremy Carpenter Richard Jelbert James Samlridge
John Caseley Emmanuel Jerman Roger Smith
William Caseley Robert Jerman Emmanuel Spicer
Henry Chard John Joape Richard Spicer
George Cheeke Henry Keene Arthur Stapleling
Richard Cheese John Kenwood Edward Stone
Peter Clarke Philip Kenwood John Symons
Samuel Clarke Richard Kenwood John Tapley
Nicholas Cleaninge Simon Kenwood Augustine Tayler
Emmanuel Clell Robert King Giles Thorne
John Clement William Lackington Humphrey Thorne
Mark Coale John Lambshead Nicholas Thorne
John Cocke Philip Lambshead Thomas Thorne
Thomas Cocke John Lang Richard Tothill
Alexander Courte Walter Lang Emmanuel Towill
Nicholas Courte John Lawrence Emmanuel Towill
George Cove William Leathibie Henry Towill
David Crapp John Leeves John Towill
Peter Crapp Richard Leeves William Towill
John Croote John Lennard William Towill
Thomas Curbeete Walter Lennard William Trickey
John Cuttiforde Henry Lightfoote Thomas Underhay
Bennett Davie William Little William Underhay
Roger Densham George Lucombe George Veale
William Deymond John Lucombe Robert Vearemouth
Thomas Downe John Lucombe George Vennard
Thomas Downe John Lucombe James Vennard
Anthony Drake Nicholas Lucombe John Vennard
Robert Drew Thomas Lucombe John Vennard
Walter Drew William Lucombe John Vennard
William Drew William Lupe Nicholas Vennard
John Drewe William Lupe jun. Thomas Vennard
Henry Dyer William Marke William Vennard
Robert Edwards Lionel Marsh Edmund Wallis
Henry Elliott John Meale Giles Warring
Roger Elliiott John Melles Matthew Warring
Stephen Elliott George Mitton Robert Warring
John Ewings John Moale Robert Warring
Richard Farre Robert Moale Thomas Warring
Richard Farre Robert Moale William Warring
Geoffrey Ferris John Moale William Warring
Nicholas Ferris Robert Moale Michael West
William Ferris Robert Moale John Westbrooke
Emmanuel Feytor John Moore Robert Weston
Robert Feytor John Morrish John Whiterowe
Ellis Filmore William Morrish John Williams
Thomas Finerie George Moulton Thomas Wouldridge
Geoffrey Foale Thomas Murch Andrew Yenland
Charles Forde Thomas Nash -
William Fulling Robert Parre -

Signed by 

George Cram - Vicar

Charles Towill - Constable

William Symmonds - Constable

Thomas Clarke -  Churchwarden

Bartholomew Croote - Churchwarden

Giles Fowle - Overseer

Emmanuel Lucombe - Overseer

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.
Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                         Courtesy: Devon County Council

 

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