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Devon County

Devonshire Rgt.

Directory Listings





Parish Records




War Memorials



By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.


On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".


They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.


We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.


The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Kingskerswell belonged to the Hundred of Haytor

The original spelling has been preserved

Richard Baker Richard Codner under the hill William Osburne
Jasper Balkwell Richard Codner over the bridge Hugh Oxenham
Robert Balkwell Roger Codner Peter Oxenham
John Balkwill Samuel Codner William Pall
Thomas Ball in the lane William Codner of Green Hill John Pheres
Thomas Ballwever Edward Connett Aaron Pheress
Thomas Barter Richard Coszen John Philp
Thomas Barter Henry Cove William Philp
William Barter Abraham Creed John Proute
George Bennett John Creed sen. Jasper Samson
Thomas Bennett John Creed jun. Philip Sheere
William Bennett Richard Degan Richard Spree
John Bickford sen. Ellis Drew John Stephens
John Bickford jun. John Drew Thomas Stephesn
William Bickford Matthew Drew William Stephens
Richard Blake Nicholas Drew Robert Tabb
Thomas Boden William Drew Rupert Taplie
John Brovond Thomas Dyer sen Francis Tayler
Thomas Browne Thomas Dyer jun William Tayler
Nicholas Browne Richard Ellett John Walles
Geoffrey Bully Edward Gotham John Ward
John Bully John Gooswell Robert Waymoth
Walter Bully sen. Matthew Gooswell Philip Webber
Walter Bully jun Joseph Hills William Whetway jun
Henry Chasse Roger Hunt Edward Whitway
William Cleveness Christpher Lange Richard Whitway
Alexander Cobble Michael Larimore Isaac Wills
Gilbert Cobble Nicholas Lattenye John Wills sen.
Alexander Codner sen. Jerome Leere Walter Wills
Benjamin Codner Peter Mansell Philip Wills
Edwrad Codner John Masy Richard Wills
Edward Codner Richard Meriphild Robert Wills
James Codner sen. William Measent Roger Wills
James Codner jun. Nicholas Miller Thomas Wills
John Codner Bellerd Mills Zachary Wills sen.
John Codner Simon More Zachary John jun.
Nicholas Codner of Rosehill John Necke John Wincott sen.
Nicholas Codner Nicholas Necke John Wincott jun.
Peter Codner Thomas Necke -
Philip Codner Richard Newcombe -

Edward Codner - Constable

John Wills - Constable

Abednego Martin - Curate

William Whiteway - Churchwarden

John Conour - Churchwarden

William Hamseede - Churchwarden

(All the above names in the same hand)


* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.


Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council
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