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MAKER  - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2
In the 17th century when this Return was made, Maker was part of the Devonshire Hundred of Roborough. By the time A. J. Howard collected up his transcripts of Returns for the south-west, Maker had been a Cornish parish for some years so it appears grouped within the Returns of the Cornish Hundred of East * see footnote.

 

It is recorded that in 1587 a Spanish raiding party landed at Cawsand, intending to burn down the village. One of the villagers however, possessed a musket and, single-handed, put them to flight. But perhaps not all of the Spaniards got away - might the presence of the names of Thomas Mighgell and the two Ferdinandos - Hooper and James - tell a different story?

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter and in the Cornish Record Office in Truro.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Maker belonged to the Hundred of Roborough (Devon) initially. This was a political decision brought about by two major landowners who wished to control the protection of their own interests. However, the men named below would have thought of themselves as Cornishmen and probably never ever set foot in Devon.

Maker was transferred to the Hundred of East after 1844

(The original spelling has  been retained - 

(Try saying what you see over and over to yourself - eventually the modern equivalent will emerge!)

John Abraham Henrye Goyte Peter Olver
John Abraham Richard Grome Roger Olver
William Abraham Humfrey Grove John Pane
Nicholas Adam Stephen Gudridge Hanfrey Parkins
Henry Adams Rafe Haken Nepthaly Paschoe
Maximillian Adams John Hals Nicholas Pawling
Samuell Adams Thomas Hamett Mathew Pearce
John Arrundell Nicholas Hancock Richard Peard
Henry Atlake Richard Hancocke John Pears
John Avery Parcey Harie Paule Pearce
Abraham Avery Trestrem Haries Paule Penhollacke
Peter Badge Richard Harry William Penticost
John Bagglehole Nicholas Harres Richard Phillip
Sebastin Bagglehole Pascow Harres Richard Phillips
William Baker John Harrye Leonard Phillis
Andrew Balke Richard Harvey John Philpe
Josua Bartlett John Harwood Thomas Phisick
Peter Bartlett John Hauke John Pitwode
Edward Bawden William Hawton Robert Pollarad
Thomas Beailie William Henwood George Pope
Peter Bealy Steven Hics John Pope
Diggory Beare William Hills Josua Poppelstone
John Beeley ---- Hitchings William Poppelstone
Paskow Belly James Hix Richard Prier
Theodorus Benick Thomas Hockaday Weimond Prowse
Peter Bidgood John Hodge John Rabbins
Richard Blak John Hodge Edward Radden
Aquila Blake Nicholas Hodge Roger Randell
John Blake Zachary Hodge William Reath
John Blake Ferdinando Hooper George Reath
Nicholas Blake Waltar Hooper Edward Redden
Josua Bartlett Pascow Hopper Walter Redden
John Blight Thomas Horwell Nicho Reefe
John Boddy Andrew Hosking George Rich
Michael Boddy Richard Howe Tobyas Richards
Thomas Boddy John Hue Peter Rider
Peter Bonde Walter Hunken Richard Riderr
Thomas Bone Richard Hunt George Rise
John Borne William Huper John Robarts
Ry Boyne Ferdinand Ingram John Robins
Nicholas Brooking John Ingram Richard Robins
John Brown John Ingram Stephen Roberts
Sampson Browne John Isaack George Rogers
Thomas Brusy Thomas Jakeman George Rogers
Waltar Brusy Ferdinando James Abraham Rowe
William Buckland John Jane Gregorie Rowe
Anthonye Buller Chre Jennins John Rowe
John Butler William John Richard Rowe
Rich Cample Nicholas Johnson Thomas Rawe
John Carfath Robert Jussip Henry Rundle
John Cassell William Kastell Henry Rundle
Christopher Cerswell Richard Keane Richard Rundle
William Chapelman John Kellie Thomas Rundle
Joseph Chapman James Kerswill Henry Rundell
Thomas Cheapman John Kimp Danyell Rusher
Robert Chipman Joseph Kingdome Arthur Salmon
Jo Chepman Nicholas Kingdon Edward Salmon
Richard Cleer John Kinsman James Salmon
Anthony Coade John Knight John Salmon
John Coade Leuse Landre Richard Salmon
Henry Cocke William Lawry Samiell Salmon
Thomas Collins William Lawrey William Salmon
Luke Colling William Layner Paskow Sallman
John Colling Nicholas Lee Peter Sallman
Roger Colman John Leane Henry Sallmon
John Colmer William Leane Richard Sallmon
Edward Collyer Nathan Lemellin Robart Sanders
Sam Copping Nicholas Lemillin Henry Sargent
John Corfin Robert Lemellin Stephen Sargent
William Corke John Letecot Thomas Sarple
Jerome Corker John Libby Jacob Searle
Thomas Cornish Paschoe Libby Henry Semour
Francis Corrone William Loggett Roger Serle
William Coulin William Lukies Ramses Speer
Peter Coulinge Hugh Luny William Spiller
Thomas Coundy John Lus? Thomas Stacy
Richard Croft Philip Magmore Richard Step
William Dade John Mallett George Streek
Rich Dalmen Jasper Marene Nicholas Sweete
Peter Damrell Richard Marke John Swyne
Samson Damrell Trestram Marks John Taylor
Richard Davies Rich Marshall Charls Teage
Nicho Davy Stephen Marterline Richard Tinkum
Gregorie Dearey William Martin Robart Toll
John Derrye John Martyn George Tanly
William Dewstow Steven Matterline Thomas Taprill
Robert Dick Richard May John Taylor
William Dingle John Meadland Richard Tinkum
Humfrye Dodge Henry Mellen John Tom
John Dowling James Michell Richard Tom
John Downinge John Michell Walter Trigg
 Richard Drowne William Michell Greffeth Truskout
William Drue Thomas Mighgell Mathew Vinten
Richard Edgcumb Thomas Mighell John Walke
Peter Edwarde

Lenord Mill

William Walkham
Elias Elicett Richard Mill Pascow Wallys
John Ellary John Milles James Ward
John Elles Gregory Moone Philip Wardon
Henry Ellis Paskowe Moone Peter Wardon
Henry Essicke Roger Moone Sydracke Webb
John Euen Anthony Moore John Webb
Vallintine Evans George Mooreshead John Wellmet
Thonmas Foorde Richard Moore John Werren
John Foster Pascow Moorshead Gilbert Westbrooke 
Henry Furse John Moure William Whidley
Nicholas Furse Robert Mulford Nepethley White
Paschoe Furse William Mutton John Wilcock
Abel Gaude Robet Michell John Willes
Emanuell Gaytly Michel Mitchell Thomas Willmoth
Henery Gedden Richard Mychell Richard Wills
John Geffrey John Netting Will Wills
John Gelley Richard Netherton Henry Williams
Richard Genings Thomas Netherton Nicholas Williams
Robart German George Newton Richard Williams
David Gilbert William Newton Thomas Williams
Henry Gliden John Northey Robert Wolley
Robert Gliddone jun. Thomas Northey Richard Wood
Richard Goodman Thomas Nowell Emanuell Wyett
John Goyte Nepthally Offall Richard Young

Thomas Stephens refused to make the oath

Signatures

John Deeble - Minister

Robert Gliddon - Constable

Walter Adam - Constable

Richard Kingdon - Churchwarden

Erasmus Hooper - Churchwarden

John pears - Overseer

Richard Howe - Overseer

*For many centuries, Cornwall was divided into 10 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purposes. These were named Penwith, Kerrier, Pydarshire, Powdershire, Triggshire, Stratton, Lesnewith, East Wivelshire,(usually referred to simply as "East") West Wivelshire ("West") and Scilly.

Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council

 

 
 
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