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MARLDON - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Marldon belonged to the Hundred of  Haytor

The original spelling has been preserved

Augustine Adams Richard Eastley George Phillip
Nicholas Adams Thomas Eastley Richard Phillip
William Baddiford William Elford John Pits
Gualter Bartlet Daniel Ewens Samuel Prichet
Henry Bartlet William Ewens Stephen Prince
Samuel Bartlet Edward Ford Alexander Randall
Thomas Bartlet John Gale Philip Randall
William Bartlet Samuel George Thomas Randall
William Bartlet jun. John Gotham John Rod sen.
John Bickford William Grendon John Rod jun 
John Bickley Ralph Hanton William Salter
Richard Blake Bernard Hole John Snell
Silas Bobbige William Hole Richard Spencer
Thomas Bowden James Indebrooke Peter Stacy
John Bowman John Indebrooke Alexander Stephans
Lucas Bowman John Indebrooke sen. John Strong
Robert Bowman John Indebrooke jun. Richard Stuttiford
Gawen Carew Gent Tobias Janders Joseph Tapley sen.
Richard Cater Thomas Kelly Titus Tapley
Humphrey Cleave Arthur Langdon Francis Tapley
Richard Cleave Francis Lea Edward Tokerman
George Courtis Henry Leeky William Tremills
John Courtis William Luscombe Thomas Underhay
Peter Courtis Gilbert Man Michael Underhey
Samuel Croase William Martine Gawen Upton
Christopher Drew Augustine Miller Henry Wallis sen.
Humphrey Drew Richard Miller Henry Wallis jun.
James Drew William Miller sen. Hugh Wallis
John Drew William Miller jun. John Wallis
John Drew Thomas Mills William Wallis
Robert Drew John Newcombe Christopher Worth
Stephen Drew Robert Osborne James Yeabsley
Thomas Drew Gilbert Peter John Yeabsley
William Drew James Peter John Yong
William Drew Lewis Peter ---
Leonard Dyer Otho Peter ---

Elizeus Snell and Joseph Tapley are absent at sea

Sir Edward Carey Kt. and James Blackadon his servant both refused

(The above in the same hand. The following six are signatures.)

Henry Batten - Curate

William Bartlet - Constable

Richard Eastley - Constable

John Drew - Overseer

William Drew - Churchwarden

Richard Soule - Churchwarden 

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

 

Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the Devon Heritage Centre , Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council

 

 
 
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