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MODBURY TOWN - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Modbury Town belonged to the Hundred of Ermington

The original spelling has been preserved

Henry Adam William Gennis John Rider
Hugh Avery Thomas Gibbs Thomas Rider
John Baron John Gill William Rider
Henry Barrett Niocholas Goode Nicholas Robbins
Roger Bastard sen. Philip Harris John Rogers
Philip Bayley Richard Hart Arthur Roke
Andrew Beard John Hartland George Roke jun.
Arthur Beere sen Robert Hawkins Samuel Roke
Arthu Beere jun. Gregory Hayman Edward Rue
George Beere sen. Lewis Haymon Walter Saica
George Beere jun. James Heade Christopher Shepherd
John Beere John Heade Hercules Shepherd
Richard Beere Nicholas Heard John Shepherd
Anthony Berry John Hayberd jun. Nicholas Shepherd
Elize Bickford Hercules Hill Nicholas Shepherd
Thomas Binclarke Peter Hill Nicholas Shepherd
Robert Blake Richard Hine Nicholas Shepherd
Thomas Blake Joseph Hingston Philip Shepherd
John Blatchford Gilbert Hooper Peter Shepherd
Richard Blatchford John Hooper Richard Shepherd
George Boke sen. Walter Hooper Thomas Shepherd sen.
Henry Bound Henry Holdsworth Thomas Shepherd
Richard Bound William Horswill William Shepherd
Hugh Bowden Nicholas Huggins William Shepherd
John Boyes, cordwainer John Lavers William Shepherd
John Boyce, taylor Richard Lavers William Shepherd
John Brimmacomb Richard Lavers William Shepherd
Robert Bribford Thomas Lavers Arthur Shinner
William Buggs Michael lee Henry Shinner
John Burley William Lowde James Shinner
Richard Burt Stephen Mannynge Thomas Skinner
Richard Burt Walter Mannyinge Arthur Slowley
Arthur Came Nicholas March Hugh Slowley
Nicholas Castell William Maynard Nicholas Smith
Philip Cawker Henry John Milman John Spinney
Richard Cawse Nicholas Milman Solomon Starunge
William Cawse John Molton Arthur Steart
William Chapell Philip Molton John Steevens
Robert Cheeffe Arthur Momford Richard Steevens
Christopher Chesman Henry Momford Nicholas Stephens
John Chesman John Momford Hugh Stidston, carpenter
John Chesman James Momford Hugh Stidston
Marchochens Chesman John Momford Vincent Stidston
Nicholas Chesman Miles Momford Walter Stidston
Wiolliam Chesman Philip Momford Thomas Stone
Osmund Cole John Moone William Stone
William Collier Edmund Murch

John Symons

Currier

Nicholas Collinge Stephen Olifferton John Symons
David Comenge Nicholas Oliver John Symons
James Cokeworthy Richard Oliver Herbert Tisdall
Andrew Cove William Oliver Richard Tisdall
James Cowle Nicholas Parson Thomas Tooley
John Cowle Richard Peacocke

James Twiggs

Glover

John Cowle Jerome Penny sen

James Twiggs

Taylor

Peter Cowle sen. Jerome Penny jun Robert Vennycombe
William Cowle John Perradon Bartholomew Wakeham
John Cranford Thomas Peter sen. Hugh Wakeham
Alexander Creese Thomas Peter jun. John Wakeham
Stephen Creese Arthur Pethericke John Wakeham
George Davy Edward Pethericke sen. Philip Wakeham
Henry Dolton Edward Pethericke jun Ralph Wakeham
John Donloe George Pethericke Richard Wakeham sen
John Dons Samuel Pethericke Richard Wakeham jun.
Peter Dons William Pethericke sen. Richard Wakeham
John Dows William Pethericke jun.   Robert Wakeham
John Doyler James Philipps  Samuel Wakeham
Daniel Dy John Phillipps Thomas Wakeham
Christopher Eisdall Humphrey Philpe sen. William Wakeham
John Elliott, taylor Humphrey Philpe jun. Christopher Ward
John Elliott Richard Pinwill Lazarus Washcombe
John Elliott Henry Pittwoode John White
Isaac Elly John Pittwoode Thomas Williams
John Evelinge John Pittwoode jun. Edward Willinge
William Evelinge Thomas Pittwoode John Willinge
John Fevell Thomas Pottell John Willinge
John Finch William Pottell jun Nicholas Willinge
John Fincham William Prow Thomas Willinge
Nicholas Flashman Alexander Pulliblancke Thomas Willinge
William Ford John Pulliblancke Humphrey Wills
William Fottell, sen. Osmond Pulliblancke John Wilson
Vincent Fowne William Pulliblancke James Winsor
Andrew Frind Robert Reagell John Winsor
Richard Futterell Christopher Reeby John Witheridge
Edward Gay Christopher Reeby John Woodward
Nicholas Gee Stephen Reeby Roger Woodward
William Gee Arthur Rich Arthur Wotton
William Gee Nicholas Rich jun Henry Yolland

Robert Hide of Orcherton, Gent, saith that when any man shall make him understand the meaning of the words (viz popish innovations) he will willingly take it)

(The above names in the same hand, the following eleven are signatures.)

 

Henry Bagley - Vicar

Christopher Stephens - Constable

William Cotley - Constable

Arthur Hayman - Constable

Thomas Wakeham - Constable

John Skinner, - Churchwarden

Bennet Shepherd - Churchwarden

Richard Pyworthy - Overseer

William Crokford - Overseer

John Heaberd - Overseer

Richard Neter - Overseer

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

 

 
 
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