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NORTHAM - THE PROTESTATION RETURN OF 1641/2

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the Devon Record Office in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

Northam belonged to the Hundred of Shebbear

The original spelling has been preserved

Vivian Abevian John Fortescue Humphrey Pascowe
Moses Aboyen Robert Frase Stephen Peard
John Addamore Ethelred French Thomas Peard
Edmund Addams James Frethericke Thomas Peare
Gilbert Addams Richard Fry Anthony Pee
John Addams John Gammon Cornelius Pee
Nehemiah Andrewes Jasper Gannon John Pee
Philip Appeevon Christopher Garland William Penohorwood
Richard Arnoll Christopher Garland Faithful Pereriman
John Ashe Christopher Garland jun Henry Petten
John Ashe John Garland Joshua Phare
Melchard Babbacombe Nicholas Garland Roger Phillip
Bernard Baker Richard Garland Edmund Pickard
David Baker Thomas Garland George Pickard
George Baker William Garlard John Pickard
Henry Baker Nicholas Garnesay Laverener Pickard
John Baker Nicholas Garnish Richard Pickard
John Baker John Gelbridg Thomas Pickard
Nicholas Baker William Geoffrye Thomas Pickard
Nicholas Baker Philip Gibbe Thomas Pickard
Samuel Baker Robert Gilbert Philip Pilman
Richard Barnehowse Samuel Girren Thomas Pilman
Ethelred Barracot William Glover Thomas Pilman jun.
William Barracot Henry Goard Josias Piper
Andrew Barrough Peter Golbeare Nicholas Pitton
John Barrye John Gorden Peter Plust
Christopher Bartlett Richard Gorden sen Francis Pollard
James Beale Richard Gorden jun Hugh Pollard
Leonard Beale William Gourd John Pope
Ethelred Beaple Robert Gourden Thomas Powe
Ethelred Beaple Thomas Grater John Poyell
Jenkin Beaple Roger Greene Hugh Prance
John Beaple Philip Gribble John Prance
John Beaple Nicholas Griffye Philip Prance
Mark Beaple Philip Griffye William Prance
Thomas Beaple Philip Griffye jun Melchard Prust
Thomas Beaple John Grigge Robert Pyne
George Beard Philip Grigge Thomas Quary
Philip Beare George Gryffith George Radmer
Robert Becomb Hugh Gryffith George Radmer jun.
John Beere Hugh Gryffith Richard Rawling
Philip Belserye Thomas Gryffith Richard Rawly
Richard Bennet William Gryffith John Reeve
Richard Bennet George Hacker Ananias Rendall
William Bennet sen. William Hake John Reymore 
William Bennet Humphrey Hall Thomas Rich
William Bennet Matthew Halswill Jenkin Richards
William Bennet jun. John Hammott Lanslade Richards
John Bennett Nicholas Hammott Thomas Robbins
Philip Bennett Peter Hammott Thomas Rogers
William Bennett William Hammott James Rooke
William Bennett Winifred Hanaford William Row
Richard Berriman Robert Hanger Edward Rowland
John Berry, Gent John Hannacote George Sanbury
Edward Berryman John Hannaford Richard Sand
William Blackmore George Hannawill John Sarle
Roger Blake Obed Harris Edward Saunder
Thomas Blake Owen Harris Richard Saunder
William Blake jun. Roger Harris John Saunders
John Blaydon Silvanus Harris John Searle
William Blight William Harris Edward Secombe
George Blinch Arthur Hatch, Gent John Secombe
Richard Blinch William Hatherleigh Robert Secombe
Anthony Boatefeild James Haukridge sen. Jacob Sewoode
Anthony Boatsell Pathericke Hawkridge John Seyward
Edward Borden William Hawridge Bartholomew Shapton
William Borrough William Hawkridge (Butcher) James Sharland
Thomas Bowden William Headon Richard Shepheard
William Bowden John Heanes Henry Shortridge
William Bowden Philip Heanes Alexander Sieres
Arthur Bowe William Heanes John Silly
Edmund Bowe Philip Heard John Slade
Edward Bowe Oliver Hedge Matthew Slade
Thomas Bowe John Hele Arthur Slee
Henry Brailye John Heman Mark Sloman
Edward Braunton John Hernaman John Smale
Samuel Bremacomb Robert Hernaman sen Anthony Smith
Robert Britten Robert Hernaman jun Robert Smith
Lewis Brooke William Hernaman Andrew Smithson
Philip Brooke Thomas Heydon John Smithson
William Brother Thomas Heyware Richard Smyth
Luke Browne George Hill John Snow
Christopher Browning sen. Paul Hill Christopher Snowe
Christopher Browning jun. John Hilman Hannibal Southcott
John Browning Philip Hilman Richard Southcott
John Browninge Philip Hilman Bartholomew Sparman
Lewis Budd William Hilman John Standbury
Edward Burges sen. Philip Hockaday Christopher Stephens
Edward Burges jun. Richard Hockeridge Stephen Stephens
Philip Burges Richard Hockeridge William Stephens
Richard Burgis Edward Hogge Walter Stevens
James Burnaburye John Hogge Robert Sticke
John Burnaburye John Hoile Christopher Stote
Philip Burnaburye Robert Hoile Philip Stote
Ciprian Burnaburye Pathericke Holman William Strang
Thomas Buse Christopher Hopper William Strang
William Buse Richard Horman Edmund Strange
William Butticombe John Hosegood Anthony Stribling
Henry Cade Thomas Hosegood John Stribling
John Cade Nicholas How John Striblyn jsen.
John Cade Roger Hoxland Adam Summer
William Cade Thomas Humfryes James Sutten
William Cade sen. Edmund Hunnawell Geofferey Suyzans
William Cade jun. Robert Hunny Richard Symons
Lewis Campe John Husband Richard Simpson
Luke Cann Thomas Husband Philip Syncocke
Timothy Chalwell James Huxland Robert Syncocke
Thomas Chappell Clement Huxtable John Taker
Hugh Chapple James Huxtable Richard Taney
Mark Chapple Thomas Inkledon Hugh Tarrings
Philip Chidsley Edward Jacob William Tarrings
Walter Chope William Jenkyn Christopher Taylor
Anthony Clarke John Jenkyns (alias Kent) Philip Terrett
John Clarke Anthony Jones Christopher Thomas
John Clarke Hopkin Jones George Thomas
John Clarke Jenkin Jones Robert Thomas
Richard Clarke Rowland Jones Roger Thomas
Richard Cleeveland John Jory John Thorne
John Clement George Kent John Thorne
William Clement Benjamin King Edmund Titherleigh
William Clement jun George King Hugh Titherleigh
Owen Clemment James King William Titherleigh
John Clewelane Miles King John Tooker
John Cobner Pentecost King Thomas Topp
Abraham Cocke Richard King William Topp
Arthur Cocke Thomas King William Toppe jun.
James Cocke William King John Tracey
John Cocke William, King jun Philip Tracey
John Cocke jun. Edward Kinge William Tracye
Richard Cocke John Kinge John Troute
Richard Cock jun. Walter Kinge   Robert Turner
Thomas Cocke Henry Kingley Achilles Uphill
Laurence Cockram Edward Knill Richard Verchillde
John Cockrum Philip Knill Edward Vernam
William Cockrum John Ladd John Vernam
John Coke Christopher Lake Thomas Vernam
John Cole Edward Lake Thomas Vernam
Walter Coleman John Lake Richard Vicar
William Coleman Richard Lake John Wade
Thomas Collamore sen. Richard Lake Charles Walter
Thomas Collamore William Lake Thomas Walter
John Collamore Edmund Lane John Wares
Matthew Collin Richard Lang Thomas Watts
Philip Comon George Langdon Edward Webber
George Cooke Hugh Langdon Jenson Webber
Edward Copner Hugh Langdon jun. John Webber
James Copner John Langly Richard Webber jun.
Richard Carpenter Peter Lapthorne William Webber
John Cornish Edmund Laramy Richard Westacot
Walter Cote Nicholas Laramy Walter Westacot
Walter Cote William Laramy Richard Westerne
Samuel Cottell John Laramye Matthew Westlake
John Cotten Peter Lambert John Whinnicke
William Cottle William Lamberye Arthur White
John Crumpton Leonard Larder Robert White
Richard Cunday John Laverante George Whiteheare
Oliver Curley Robert Leare John Whitson
Henry Daniell William Leigh, Esq. John Witson
Thomas Darracott Anthony Lemman Samuel Whitson
William Darracott Ezekiel Lendon Thomas Whitson
Alexander Davy William Lendon William Whitson of Orchard
Anthony Davy Morgan Lewes William Whitson
George Davy Philip Lewes William Whitson of Dudwell
Hopkin Davy Diggory Lill Anthony Wilcocke
Thomas Davy Philip Lill James Wilcocke
John Davye John Lison John Wilcocke
John Davye Anthony Loman Thomas Wilkey
Rice Davye John Lukey John Willcocke
Thomas Davye Thomas Lyell Jenkin Williams
Thomas Davyes John Lymberye Robert Williams
Rowland Day John Lymbre Thomas Williams
John Daye Robert Lymbre Thomas Williams
William Daye Baliom Maddacott Thomas Williams
Philip Deane William Madocke Walter Williams
George Dennis Ambrose Mannadon Anthony Wills
John Dennis John Marsh Henry Wills
John Dennis John Marshall James Wills
Owen Dennis John Martin Ralph Wills
Amos Derchilde Peter Martin Francis Wise
Edward Derver Bartholomew Maye John Wise
William Ditchett Richard Mayne Peter Wise
Philip Downe George Mellard Philip Wise
William Downe William Mersh Richard Wise
Richard Draper George Milton Walter Wise
Christopher Drew jun Hopkin Morgan William Wise
John Drewe John Morgan John Wollacott
Nicholas Drewe Robert Moussaven James Wolson
William Drewe Joseph Neathwaye Matthew Woode
John Dunscombe Alexander Nicholl Richard Woode
Edward Dyer George Nicholl Philip Worgan
Philip Earnes Peter Nicholl William Wrike
Thomas Ellice William Nicholl John Wyat
William Elliote Samuel Norman Richard Yelland
Francis Elliott William Norman Christopher Yeo
Miles Ellis Thomas Otinge Edmund Yeo
Henry Estmond Ephraim Palmer William Yeo
Humphrey Estmond John Palmer John Younge
William Evans Philip Palmer Richard Younge
Arthur Fortescue John Parker ----

The above  names are written in the same  hand - some were at sea and could not take the protestation. The following ten are signatures)

Anthony Downe - Vicar

William Bowden - Curate

William Blackmore -  Constable

Michael Stodden - Constable

Richard Bennett - Church Warden

William King - Church Warden

John Vernam - Overseer

Ribert Turner - Overseer

John Copner - Overseer

Richard Sympson - Overseer

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

 

 

 
 
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