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REVELSTOKE PARISH PROTESTATION RETURN 1641/42

 

By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

 

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

 

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

 

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.

 

The Protestation Returns are arranged by parishes

which are grouped in Hundreds*

|

Revelstoke belonged to the Hundred of Plympton

(The original spelling has been retained )

George Alday Henry Holbeton William Roch
Richard Bath, Gent Henry Holbeton John Rod
Walter Beard Edward Kingcombe Richard Rod
Nicholas Blackaller John Kingcombe jun. Samuel Rod
William Blackaller Stephen Langtherne Thomas Rod
Robert Bradstock John Liles Roger Roe
Samson Brish Philip Lowd Edward Salman
Martin Carkeek Thomas Luscom Roger Scobble
Stephen Cole Henry Mathew Thomas Smith
Richard Cornish Philip Munday Thomas Soper
Hugh Costard John Oliver Jonathan Spray
Thomas Edgcomb William Pack Edmund Sudllinge, Gent
John Edgcombe John Patten Walter Sudllinge, Gent
John Foord Thomas Pennebridg Henry Swayne
Thomas Foorde jun Luke Pope William Tucker
Edward Hardie Andrew Pridice John Webber sen.
Thomas Hill Robert Pulleyblank John Webber jun.
Nicholas Hockaday Richard Randall Roger Wilkie
Hugh Hodg Roger Randall John Willams
Thomas Hodg Andrew Roach Henry Wingeat
Nicholas Hodge Luke Robins Roger Winter
William Hodge John Robines William Winter

(The above names in the same hand, the following six are signatures) 

Waymouth Steart - Clerk

Nicholas Holberton - Constable

Nicholas Hale - Constable

John Hodge - Churchwarden

John Sopers - Churchwarden

Dilbert Bowdon - Overseer

 

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.

 

 

 
 
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