"His heirs and assigns forever"

Home Up Contents Search

 

AND the said William Stettaford for himself his heirs executors and administrators and for every of them doth covenant promise grant and agree to and with the said Sir Francis Drake his heirs executors administrators and assigns and to and with every of them by these presents in manner and form following that as to say that they the said William Stettaford and William Oxenham or one of them now at the time of the sealing and delivery of these presents are or is the very true and lawful owner or owners inheritor or inheritors of all the said messuage and tenement in or called East Grapton also Little Grapton and of all the said messuage and tenement called Brightesworthy and of all the said messuages lands and tenements called the Hicklake and of all and singular other the hereditements and premises by these presents granted or mentioned to be granted with their and every of their appurtenances And that they the said William Stettaford and William Oxenham or one of them now are or is and stand or standeth seized of a good sure perfect lawful absolute and indefensible estate of inheritance in fee simple to their or one of their own use or uses of and in all and singular the said messuages lands tenements hereditements and premises with the appurtenances without any manner of condition or conditions use or uses or other restraint matter or thing whatsoever whereby to alter change charge determine or make void the same and shall and will continue so thereof seized and of every part and parcel thereof with the appurtenances until a good sure perfect lawful absolute and indefensible escale of inheritance in fee simple shall be thereof vested in the said Sir Francis Drake and his heirs according to the true intent and meaning of these presents

 

Yellowmeade

Yellowmeade - 2004

(Formerly the Lower Yellow Croft. The track leading across the Moor to the distant house is just visible on the left of this picture. )

 

The actual conveyance of title to Sir Francis now follows. It includes reminders of the force of the law which lay behind this part of the document and warns the two Williams (and their heirs) against any attempt to claim back the property, now or in the future.

 

AND that they the said William Stettaford and William Oxenham or one of them now have or hath full power good right and lawful authority by these presents to grant convey and assure all the said messuages and tenements in or so called East Grapton also Little Grapton Brightesworthy and Hicklake and all other the aforesaid messuages lands tenements hereditements and premises with the appurtenances unto the said Sir Francis Drake his heirs and assigns forever in manner aforesaid AND that all the aforesaid messuages lands tenements and etc listed by these presents granted or mentioned or intended to be hereby granted or conveyed with their appurtenances now are and be free and clear and shall from henceforth for ever hereafter according to the true intent and meaning of these presents remain continue and be unto the said Sir Francis Drake his heirs and assigns free and clear freely and clearly acquitted exonerated and discharged or upon request well and sufficiently by the said William Stettaford and his heirs saved and kept harmless of and from all and all manner of former and other bargains sales gifts grants subject to mortgages entails dowers title of dower jointures leases rent rents charge perquisite arrearages of rents annuities uses wills statutes covenants and of the Staple fines amerce* to obligations debts to the King’s Majesty debts of record and recognizances Judicial executions extents forfeitures conditions tithes charges demands and encumbrances whatsoever had made committed suffered or done by the said William Stettaford his heirs or assigns or by any other person or persons whatsoever (the high rent and services henceforth to grow due to the high Lord and Lords of the Fee and Fees of the premises)

 

Yellow fields

At various points on Dartmoor, a trick of the light makes certain fields appear to be yellow like the one  in the centre of this picture  - this is how the Lower Yellow Croft got its name

 

* A reminder that English law at this period had many arms. Staple Courts were established in 1353 with jurisdiction in mercantile cases in towns then designated as Staple Towns, Tavistock, close to all the properties mentioned in the Conveyance was granted rights to hold markets and fairs as a Tin Staple. In such places, Staple Courts could set trading standards and maintain them by imposing "fines amerce" - fixed penalties which protected the public against short weight and shoddy goods. Drake was ensuring that the properties came to him free and clear, with no encumbrances.

 

Click here to continue

 

Send mail to webmaster@stentiford.org  with questions or comments about this web site.
  Last modified:
30/09/2005