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Devon County

Devonshire Rgt.

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By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Some members of Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the king and to Parliament. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in "the Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  An indexed transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.


The Protestation Returns are arranged by parishes which are grouped in Hundreds*

Broadclyst belonged to the Hundred of Cliston

John Acland Esq. Thomas Hitt Richard Ratcleefe
Robert Adams Thomas Hobbs Edward Ratclefe
Philip Balhatchett Matthew Honeyyard Edward Ratcliff
Henry Barons John Honniwell Henry Rattcliff
William Barons Richard Honniwell Peter Ratcliffe
Humphrey Barthram John Howeyeard John Rattcliff
Ralph Beare Richard Hoyle Charles Reade
Clement Bennett William Hugh Clement Reade
Henry Bennett Simon Humphrey William Reade
Ralph Bennett Thomas Hunt William Richards
Philip Berryman Elias Hussey Richard Riddell
George Bicknall Ellis Hussey Nicholas Riddle
Henry Bidgood Michael Irish Rowland Roger
William Bishop sen. Philip Irish John Rogers
Edmund Bishopp Thomas Jefferye John Rounsfell
John Bishopp Thomas Jefferys William Salter
Robert Bishopp Abraham Jermaine Clement Sampson
William Bishopp jun. Richard Jermaine Richard Saunder
Rement Blackaller Richard Jermaine Robert Saunder
Edward Blackingstone William Jermaine George Seager
Clement Blatchford Gentle Jerman Robert Sellake
John Bradford John Jerman jun. Henry Simonds
John Brooke sen. Richard Jerman Thomas Simonds
William Brooke William Jerman jun. Christopher Skeyns
John Buckingham Edward Kerslake Anthony Skiner
John Buckingham John Kerslake Edward Skiner
Robert Buckingham William Kerslake Robert Skinner
George Bussell Giles Kerswill Richard Skynner
John Bussell sen. William Kerswill William Smalecorne
John Bussell sen. Nicholas Knight Charles Smith
Richard Bustard George Lake Henry Smith
James Bydnye Thomas Lande Thomas Smith
Barnaby Carswill John Laye sen. Daniel Soper
John Channon Samuel Lea John Soudon
William Chappell, gent. George Leach Stephen Spiller
George Churchwill Joseph Leate Edward Sprage
Richard Clarke Clement Lee Richard Spraye
William Clarke Clement Lee John Squier
Thomas Clash Henry Lee Thomas Stoakes
Peter Codd Matthew Lee Henry Stogdon
Nicholas Coffyn Richard Lee Henry Stogdon
Robert Coffyn Robert Lee James Stogdon
Thomas Coombe Stephen Lee John Stogdon
William Crouse Thomas Lee Clement Sumpter
Arthur Crossman Adam Limpaney James Sumpter
Henry Crossman Clement Lock William Sumpter
Philip Cruse Henry Luscombe Francis Symonds
Thomas Dalley John Luscombe George Syms
Vincent Dalley John Mage Christopher Tailer
John Davie William Martifeild John Tailer
William Dayne Edward Martfilde Stephen Tailer
Henry Dennis Edward Martyn Stephen Tailer
John Dennis John Martyn Edward Tayler
William Dennis John Martyn Henry Tayler
John Dimscombe Nicholas Martyn John Tayler
Richard Dinn Philip Martyn John Tayler
Henry Dowe Richard Martyn Philip Tayler
Richard Dunford Richard Martyn Richard Tayler
Roger Dunn Richard Martyn Robert Tayler
George Dunscombe Robert Martyn Walter Tayler
John Dunsforde William Martyn Mark Taylor
Thomas Dunskombe Zachary Martyn Philip Taylor
Richard Easterbrooke James Mawrish Philip Temblett
Richard Easterbrooke Gentle Maye Gilbert Thetcher
William Easterbrooke Edward Merry Peter Thetcher
John Easton John Merrye John Thomas
William Easton James Meye James Thorne
John Elles Andrew Moggeridg John Thorne
Thomas Elliott Anthony Moggeridg William Thorne
John Ellis Thomas Moggeridg Edward Tizard
Richard Ellis Henry Mogridge John Tizard
Clement Eveleigh Giles Moore jun. Michael Tizard
Edward Eveleigh Richard Moore Gentle Tooker
John Eveleigh John Mooreman Gentle Tooker jun.
John Eveleigh William Mooreman Henry Tooker
Richard Eveleigh John Morgan John Tooker
Richard Eveleigh Edward Mountstephen John Tooker
Thomas Eveleigh Edward Mountstephen Thomas Townsend
John Faire Ralph Mountstephen Thomas Townsyn
Henry Fish William Mountstephen Christopher Trickey
Richard Fleck William Musgrove Christopher Trickey
Gilbert Forde Philip Musgrove William Trickey
Henry Forde John Netherstone Richard Trott
John Forde Richard Newbery Andrew Tucker
John Forde William Norde John Tucker
Tobias Forde Richard Oake Ralph Tucker
Abraham Forde Thomas Osmund Tristram Tucker
Bartholomew Forde William Osmund Anthony Tuckett
Matthew Fouracres Anthony Palmer Edward Tuckett
Hugh Furber Francis Palmer Robert Tuckett
John Galesworthie George Palmer Andrew Tymlett
Edward Galphin John Palmer John Uphan
John Geine John Palmer Thomas Vanter jun.
William Germaine Leonard Palmer Thomas Vanter sen.
William Germaine Matthew Palmer Christopher Vennar
John German Robert Palmer John Vicarie
Robert German William Palmer Thomas Vilmaine sen.
Christopher Gey Thomas Palphreyman Thomas Vilmaine sen.
Richard Gid James Parker Thomas Voyseir
George Giles Josias Parker Clement Voysey
David Goulden George Payne Hugh Voysey
Robert Gould John Payne Laurence Warren
William Gould John Payne John Waterman
Henry Grigorie John Payne jun. Marmaduke Waterman
John Hake jun. Roger Payne Robert Waterman
Ralph Hake Samuel Payne William Waterrman
Robert Hake jun. William Payne sen. John Webber
Robert Hake William Pyne Michael Webber
John Hakeworthie Thomas Payse Edmund Weekes
Robert Hakeworthie Augustine Peacock Henry Weekes
John Hale William Peacock Richard Weekes
Robert Halfyeare John Peale Richard Weekes
John Hansford Edward Pease Thomas Weekes
Richard Hangworthie John Pedderick Andrew West
Robert Hart Roger Pederick Giles West
Henry Harte Christopher Peeke James West
William Harwood Thomas Peeke John West
Amos Hawkings William Peeke Richard West sen.
John Hawkings sen. Robert Percey Richard West jun.
Hugh Hawkings Henry Periam William West
Robert Hawkings Clement Perry William West
Robert Hawkings Gabriel Perrye John Westcott
William Hawkings William Perrye Richard Westcott
Fitzwilliam Hawkings John Pitfold Walter Whiddon
John Hawkings jun. Hugh Pollard Arthur White
Robert Hawkings (Burrington) Amos Potter Nicholas White sen.
David Haye John Potter John Whitte
Thomas Hayman John Potum Nicholas Whitte
Walter Hayman Clement Prapjames William Willes
Francis Headwood Michael Prewe Richard Wills sen.
John Hearding William Pridham Richard Wills jun.
James Hellier Roger Pulman Robert Wills
Robert Hellier William Pydslye John Wish
John Heathfield Henry Pyle Nicholas Wish
John Heyman John Pynn Philip Wish
Richard Heyman Thomas Quant Richard Woosley
John Hill Anthony Radclefe Giles Yeate
William Hill Augustine Radmen Robert Yeowe
Laurence Hine Thomas Ramsey John Yolden
Samuel Hitchings John Ramsye John Yow
Walter Hitchings Henry Ratcleefe Michael Zellacke
Peter Southwood, Geoffrey Kennicott, John Brooke sen., William Bennett, Stephen Weekes, John Hawkins, John Potter and John Taylor refused to take the Protestation.

Signed by 

John Seager - Vicar

Robert Bennett - Hundred Constable

Giles Moore - Petty Constable

John Lake - Petty Constable

Henry Mountsteven - Churchwarden

Richard Hill - Churchwarden

John Waltham - Overseer

Clement Watts - Overseer

John Hake Overseer

Edward Lee - Overseer


* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purposes.


Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council


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