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Devon County

Devonshire Rgt.

Directory Listings





Parish Records




War Memorials



By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.

On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".

They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.

We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.


The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish

which are grouped in Hundreds*

The parish of Lynton (which included Lynmouth) belonged to the Hundred of Shirwell

David Bale sen. Thomas Dyer sen. John Knight sen.
David Bale jun. Thomas Dyer jun. John Knight sen.
Hugh Bale John Eines John Knight jun.
John Bale Michael Eines Richard Knight
Peter Bale Thomas Eines David Lang
Richard Bale Richard Ellis John Lang
Richard Bale Thomas Ende Nicholas lang
William Bale Miles Fercheild William Lang
John Berrey Thomas Flewelling John Maninge
John Berrey Bartholomew Frase Bartholomew Mayne
James Blackmore David Frye William Mayne
John Blackmore sen. Richard Frye John Miller
John Blackmore jun. Thomas Frye Thomas Moggeridge
Richard Blackmore William Frye Christopher Perryn
David Boode John Griffiths John Pinge
David Bromholme John Grimsheere William Ramsun
John Bromholme William Grimsheere William Rawle
Edward Bromholme .John Grose sen. Thomas Reemore
James Bromholme John Grose jun David Score
John Bromholme William Heanford Edward Score
Hugh Brooke Anthony Hill George Score
John Burges John Hill John Score
Andrew Challacombe Anthony Holland Richard Score
Henry Challacombe Hugh Holland Richard Score
John Coatts (tailor) William Hopkin Robert Score
John Coatts sen. David Huxtable John Slee
John Coatts jun. Amos Huxtable William Squire
John Coatts jun. Anthony Huxtable John Stoatte
Richard Coatts George Huxtable Gregory Taylor
Thomas Coatts John Huxtable John Taylor
George Crocombe Thomas Ingram John Thorne
John Crocombe Thomas Janes John Vellacoatte
John Curtes sen. David Jones Richard Vellacoatte
John Curtes jun. William Jones Mr. Edward Wichalls
Nicholas Decon Peter Kayle Mr. Hugh Wichalls gent.
David Dyer Philip Kayle Mr. John Wichalls
John Dyer William Kent Mr. Robert Wichalls

Signed by 

Nicholas Morrice - Clerk

Anthony Hodge - Constable

William Bromholme - Churchwarden

Daved Knight - Churchwarden

David Bale - Overseer

Alexander Burges - Overseer

* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.


Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                       Courtesy: Devon County Council


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