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Devon County

Devonshire Rgt.

Directory Listings





Parish Records




War Memorials



By the end of 1640, King Charles I had become very unpopular.  Parliament forced him to make changes in the Constitution which gave them a bigger say in how the country was governed. From then on, Parliament was split into two factions - Royalists (Cavaliers) who supported the King and Parliamentarians (Roundheads) who wanted political and religious reform.


On 3 May 1641, every Member of the House of Commons was ordered to make a declaration of loyalty to the crown. This was ratified next day by the House of Lords. They called it their Protestation against " an arbitrarie and tyrannical government" and another order was made that every Rector, Churchwarden and Overseer of the Poor had to appear in person before the JPs in their Hundred to make this Protestation Oath in person. It was to  be a declaration of their belief in the" Protestant religion, allegiance to the King and support for the rights and privileges of Parliament".


They then had to go back home to their own parish where any two of them were to require the same oath of allegiance from all males over the age of 18. The names of all who refused to make the oath were to be noted and assumed to be Catholics.


We have, in the Devon Protestation Returns, a set of amazing documents - something akin to a census even though no women or children are named.  A transcription is available in the West Country Studies Library in Exeter.


The Protestation Returns are arranged by parish.

South Pool belonged to the Hundred of Coleridge

The original spelling has been preserved

Prosper Adams Nicholas Ford Philip Phillipp
John Bastard Samson Ford sen. Richard Phillip
Thomas Bedlacke Samson Ford jun Thomas Pingay
George Chipper Samson Ford John Pounde
William Clust Samson Ford William Pounde

Edward Cole

Thomas Ford Robert Putt

Robert Cole

William Garland William Putt
Thomas Cole Phiolip Haly William Randall
William Cole Richard Haly John Snowlinge
Thomas Collin John Hatch John Steere
Edward Comynge William Hayne Edward Stone
Richard Cooke John Hele, gent William Stone
William Cooke Mathew Hele, gent. Robert Straw
Alexander Crispin Samson Hele Esq. Edward Sisley
John Crispin Samson Hele jun, Gent William Syme
Richard Cutmore Nicholas Helmer George Torchard
Nicholas Dare Alan Hept Peter Tolchard
Nicholas Dare James Hept Thomas Tolchard
Nicholas Dare William Hernaman John Toocker
Thomas Dare John Holman Willikam Tooker
Thomas Dare John Hooper Richard Troute
Richard Dowry John Huitt Richard Tucker
Richard Elliott Richard Kingston William Tucker
Richard Elliott John Knowlinge Andrew Wakeham
William Elliott Thomas Lange Edward Watts
Richard Ellirye John Lovell John Weekes
Thomas Ellis Michael Lovell Richard Weekes
Arthur Ford John Luscombe Richard Weekes
Henry Ford Mathew Luscombe Richard Weekes
John Ford William Luscombe John Winchester
John Ford Andrew Morgan James Winslade
John Ford John Mullis Daniel Worden


* For many centuries, Devon was divided into 32 administrative districts or Hundreds for land tax purpose.


Taken from the transcription by A. J. Howard published in 1973 which is available in the West Country Studies Library, Exeter.                                                                                                              Courtesy: Devon County Council



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