Stuttafords in the 1841 Eggbuckland Census

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The dwellings in the Parish of Eggbuckland did not form a cosy group or cluster around a church or a green open space as happened in so many Devon villages. Instead, they were well spread out, encompassing a considerable distance. The 1841 enumerator travelled east, west and north from a pre-selected central point.  To the north, lay a farming area on the lower slopes of Dartmoor. The people there were either  tenant farmers or their employees, the agricultural labourers. 

(Cottage on road between Stony Bridge and Frogmore)

 

Archelaus Stuttaford (60) Farmer

Mary Stuttaford (55)

Richard Stuttaford (35)

Jane Spry (18) Farm Servant

Catherine Riley (40)

Andrew Stuttaford (60) Farmer

Mary Stuttaford (60)

Anna Stuttaford (25) Schoolmistress

 

In the Census extract above, all answered "yes" to the question "Were you born in Devon?" but we must research Parish Records to try to discover the birthplace of each. Without the relationships asked for in later Census questionnaires, we can only guess that this group consisted of two brothers and their families. The curious rules adopted for the 1841 Census for returning the age of each adult, created the same age for Archelaus and for Andrew whereas the Parish Registers indicate that Andrew is the older brother by a year and that their true ages are probably 61 and 62 respectively. The ages of the children mentioned below seem to be reliable. 

 

Tor Cottage, east of Stony Bridge on the track to Longbridge

Andrew Stuttaford (32) Mason

Jane Stuttaford (30)

Mary Stuttaford (5)

Thomas Stuttaford (3)

William Stuttaford (9 months)

 

Cottage on track from Stony Bridge to Knackersknowle

 

William Stuttaford (70) Mason

Mary Stuttaford (70)

Margaret Giles (12)

 

Cottage at Knackersknowle

 

John Stuttaford (45) Mason

Mary Stuttaford (13)

John Stuttaford (9)

Lavinia Stuttaford (7)

Amelia Stuttaford (5)

Rumple Quarry lay between the Enumerator's eastern and western routes so in those areas, we find many cottages housing stonemasons who worked there. This part of the Census reveals that a miniature industrial revolution had been taking place in Devon in the early years of the 19th century. Since time immemorial, the men of the Moors had possessed skills to cut and dress stone for house building, walls, sheep folds and bridges. This had been a normal farming task, undertaken as part of a range of skills expected from an agricultural worker.

By 1841, many men had left the harsher life of the Moors behind and were selling their stone-working skills to employers quarrying stone for commercial reasons.

 

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  Last modified:
30/09/2005